Guayabitos Festivities 2019



The construction project of the new road is still ongoing, we know that the process is slow but we trust that a great job will be done.


Photographs by: Gary W. Wietgrefe

“Por Amor al Arte”




Easter week

(Rincon of Guayabitos)

The last days of Thursday 18, Friday 19 and Saturday 20 of April, Holy Week was celebrated in Mexico, where our beaches were filled with tourists from different places, willing to enjoy the sea with the family. There was quite chaotic traffic, and going out to do the daily shopping was crazy.
The traffic still exists but in a more fluid way.

We have compiled some images of different lenses authors about this Holy Week in the corner of guayabitos.





Photographs by: Radio Guayami, Alfonso Mayorquin, Fernando Rodriguez and our friends Ken & Bea Rauch


We love sports!


Photography by LICAYCIM

Thank you for this great bochera party.


Thus began the inauguration of the state fair, which is an event in which the government hires artists and bands for free to spectators.



The New Mural In Rincon de Guayabitos

we want to thank the initiators of this project and mainly our local artists who have embellished Rincon de guayabitos with their enormous talent.

We thank Galeria Bauti and our friend Bea for the pictures.


We thank our friend for sharing his great adventure, without any doubt he has obtained incredible images of our nature, if you have something that you want to share, do not hesitate to send it.


The remodeling project of the main avenue of La Peñita de Jaltemba, is still underway, is already passable for cars, something that has been of great help to avoid road chaos.

Now, the new objective is to obtain a more uniform appearance in the established businesses around the avenue, since they have been asked to install pillars where an apparent stone will be placed, and it is very likely that a “Teja” roof will be placed. In this remodeling, the installation of sidewalks began in the style of “concrete stamping”, previously the underground services were established, in the next months the removal of the concrete posts began and, therefore, sidewalks were released for the pedestrian traffic.

Photos and story by David Thompson

The portion of the “new” highway 200 that roughly parallels the old one in this area, is progressing but very slowly.

If you have driven just south of La Peñita and RdG, you probably have observed the beginnings of the new road off to the east. I was able to access the construction just south of La Peñita and again just south of Villa Morelos.

The work currently being done is pretty much limited in scope to clearing the brush and placing of some of the culverts. There is almost no evidence of workers on site and very little in the line of heavy equipment, the likes of which one would expect to find there. One photo shows the heaviest concentration of equipment with 3 pieces sitting at the ready when Monday comes.

A few of my photos are taken to the north showing some of those culverts and the beginning of the roadway base. Others are taken to the south and show the very end of any excavating clearing.

If you have ever been on the dirt road I took, you may recognize the remnants of the clay dome ovens which lie just off the new construction site.   I hope you enjoy the photos and plan your bets accordingly. Someone is rumored to be starting a pool for guessing the exact inauguration day. 2023 sometime maybe??

These are in no particular order, so you are on your own. But you will get my gist.







These final two photos are of the very end of the clearings and my attempting to escape when about 45 bulls came wandering down the less than well traveled road. (cow-path)


Story and photos by David Thompson

Here are some of the latest photos of the progress on the Avenida.


As you can see, the sidewalks are one of the last parts of this project to be completed.


And there is nothing like a pinkish orange sidewalk, filled with puppy prints. Look close!


Even a few of our resident sidewalk superintendents are watching as construction continues.



We are getting there folks. Progress abounds.


December 12, 2018

As usual in our community, a tribute is made within the Catholic religion (religion that predominates mainly in Mexico) which is known as the day of the Virgin of Guadalupe, said event takes place on the night of December 11 in the homes of the believers or in the churches of the localities, where they perform dances, pilgrimages, fireworks and a dinner is offered to the faithful believers (such as the typical tamales of several stews, atole, champurrado, a traditional posole, among others) and On December 12, most of the establishments are managed as a non-work day.

In Mexico City, it is the largest celebration in the Basilica of Guadalupe, where every year thousands of pilgrims leave from different parts of the country and walk to the place as a form of gratitude or to make or fulfill a promise.

Thus we live in the celebration of the Catholic religion in our town.





Last Tuesday, November 20, there was a parade in tribute to what happened many years ago in the Mexican nation, it is a civic act of great importance, then we will give you a brief introduction of why the celebration.

On November 20, 1910 begins the armed conflict in Mexico known as the Mexican Revolution. Usually referred to as the “most important political and social event of the twentieth century,” the antecedents of that revolution go back to “the Porfiriato“.

A group of Liberals began the struggle with the main objective of overthrowing the current government’s dictatorship and obtaining justice for the people. Once the struggle was won, the workers were able to form unions and strike without fear of brutal reprisals. The peasants achieved the agrarian distribution that gave them back their lands and Mexico finally became governments based on institutions and not on caudillos who abused their power.

Nowadays, year after year a parade takes place where schools, secondary schools, high schools and some companies participate, where characteristic dances of the region are carried out, children with costumes of the characters of the Mexican Revolution, sports exercises, among others. activities. The event started from 9:00 in the morning until 2:00 in the afternoon culminating in the main square of the town, it is important to recognize the participation and effort of all the students of the schools, who are the ones who give life to this important event.

Below we present a small sample of the parade of our town:






 ***  New additions  ***



If you look closely at this photo, this man is draining the water from the street using a cut-out
plastic water jug, transferring it to a 20 liter pail and lugging it off. Manual labor at its finest!



Patience is a virtue!

This is how it works in Mexico.  Acapulco specifically….

In Acapulco there are two new ways to extort: ​​through messages to make deposits in Oxxo stores and with express kidnapping. Organized crime gangs operate impersonally, but if someone does not give their “quota, week, right of flat or protection, pay with life”.

The Independent Cartel, The Sweeper-Selection of the Pacific cartel- and the Beltrán Leyva brothers’ cartel use the paper or delivery method at any time of the day. Under the usual heat of the port, a young man between 20 and 30 years old approaches his victims with the message that explains that they must pay a fee, week, right of flat or protection; the form: through a deposit in the Oxxo to an account number, to later corroborate the transaction with a message via WhatsApp with the name and photograph of the ticket.

The amounts vary, but nobody saves. A masseuse that charges 150 pesos for a service in Pie de la Cuesta gives 400 pesos a week; the man who travels the beach all day offering mangoes, 150; those who sell hammocks and bags, 200; those of aquatic services (parachute, banana, motorboat and boats), 300; those who rent tables, chairs and fill beer and seafood to tourists cooperate up to 500 pesos.

“Here we all enter, they come and they ask us for the famous week. In itself we do not charge much because there are no customers and we still have to take out to give these gentlemen. You see, there are many dead people here, “says Carmen, who has been giving massages for 18 years on the beaches of La Costera, and who gives 40 percent of her profits to the bands.

According to the executive secretariat of the National Public Security System, extortion had its highest peak in 2016 when it went from 57 cases in 2015 to 92 the following year. In 2017, it fell to 73 reports before the federal authorities and until August of this year there are 61 complaints.

Informal commerce, where tourists acquire souvenirs, pays 100 to 200 pesos depending on the area. A lady who sells chilate – a typical Guerrero-based drink made from cocoa, rice, cinnamon and sugar – delivers the profits of her weekly work in a timely manner, as do hundreds of merchants in the center of the municipality.

“There is a lot of crisis, the situation is very difficult … we are forced to give them their quota, because if we do not have problems. We have families to move forward and it is our source of work, “laments Gloria, who sells food. Fearful and looking at the floor tells the extortion of express plagiarism: “When they have a way out, they tell us that in that part they want us, we do not know where we are going, they just take us, the last time they took us to the prison”.

According to the president of the Canaco-Servytur, Roberto Jacinto, revealed that 300 of its two thousand partners have closed businesses so far this year, for extortion. While his counterpart from Coparmex, Jaime Badillo, indicated that 20 small and medium-sized businesses closed and left 700 people unemployed. “The streets are alone, many businesses close for the same reason and for fear of asking for high rates. Every day we go out asking God to protect us and let this end, “Gloria adds. One of the hardest hit sectors that is used by the gangs to send messages is that of the taxi drivers, in 80 years there have disappeared 80 places. The president of the transport organization Un Nuevo Horizonte for Guerrero, Rogelio Hernandez, assures that the fee collection has “devastated” workers, to the degree of operating only with 40 percent of the vehicle fleet.

It also notes that since 2009 about 2 thousand public transport drivers have been killed. “The worker at the wheel is one of the most vulnerable, it is enough that they get on board as passengers and execute them to leave the message on a card. We ask the authority to stop this without excuses, “Hernández demands.

Thanks to Milenio for this story.


With a new terminal that will cover an area of 19,400 square meters, and more international connections to be launched at the end of the year and the beginning of the next, Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacífico (GAP) announced big plans for the next year at the Puerto Vallarta International Airport (PVR).

The company indicated that the airport extension work is part of its Master Development Plan for the 2015-2019 five-year period, which is being completed with an investment of more than $360 million pesos only in at the Puerto Vallarta Airport.

“We are planning a completely new terminal building, with more space, excellent services and commercial areas so that passengers enjoy their travel experience,” said Raúl Revuelta, general director of GAP, in a statement.

Although they did not indicate when the work will be completed, among the improvements mentioned, the installation of five new airscrews and six lines of passenger review to expedite the entry of users to their flights.

Additionally, some other user service initiatives have already been implemented, such as the free Wi-Fi network throughout the terminal and the recently inaugurated International VIP Room.

Airport administrator, Saul Sanabria, announced that before the end of the year the connection with Panama could be inaugurated, and for next January, new routes to Hamilton and Ontario.

Currently, PVR deals with 51 destinations, including Helsinki, Los Angeles, San Diego, and Chicago. And GAP forecasts that by the end of 2018 it will mobilize five million passengers, a sustained growth of half a million passengers per year.

“Through the International Airport of Puerto Vallarta we seek to contribute to the economic and tourist development of the States of Jalisco and Nayarit, giving a better service and image to Mexicans and foreigners who visit them,” concluded Revuelta.

Thank you to Puerto Vallarta Daily News for this article.

Each October we focus on Breast Cancer Awareness with a variety of special activities and events. This is not to raise any monies. It is all about creating AWARENESS! We hope that you will participate with us!




We kick off each October with our Pink Wave Cocktail! Join us for some sweet and savory nosh, pink lemonade or pink cocktail along with some absolutely amazing raffle prizes as we kick off October!

For men and women!

This is a no charge event and no RSVP is necessary. We will honor our breast cancer survivors, honor those who have passed and promote awareness of the disease.  We will transform the lobby of Hospital San Javier Marina into a lovely, pink lounge!


October 11, 2018

11:00 am

Location: Diagnosti-K

Francisco Villa #1389

Please join us as Dr. Guillermo Ramos (plastic surgeon) and Dra. Claudia de Moral (breast imaging specialist) speak on “Breast Health”. They will cover all aspects of breasts, from mammograms, ultrasounds, breast cancer diagnosis, self-breast exams, what is 2D Tomosynthesis and as well, the various types of breast surgeries, from implants to reductions, reconstruction to breast lifts. This will be a very informative and interesting event. No charge. RSVP please as space is limited! Bring a friend!

*This will be repeated in Spanish on October 25, 2018!

October 18, 2018

6pm til 9pm

If you have never been to Lujo in Bucerias, definitely a must-do!  An eclectic shop, filled with all types of treasures and little luxuries! Join us as we celebrate October’s Breast Cancer Awareness Month with some canapes, a glass of wine and good chatter. For those of you in the northern part of the bay who cannot attend our Pink Cocktail on October 5 in Vallarta due to distance, we have created this event just for you! Special pink prizes! No charge event.

Have a peek at the place:

#500 Lazaro Cardenas, Bucerias

We look forward to seeing our northern bay folks!

Sunday, October 28, 2018


Pink Brunch at Bravo’s!

Francisco I. Madero #263, Col. E. Zapata

Enjoy a lovely Sunday morning as we close out our month of events! In addition, we will have a fashion show by La Sirena Reina, quality swimwear for women of all sizes!

Men are welcome of course!

Michael (Bravos) has put together a scrumptious menu.

Cost: 250 pesos includes gratuity

Space is limited so RSVP mandatory!

We celebrate our breast cancer survivors each year!

This will fill very quickly so RSVP to me as soon as possible.

We encourage you to support the following businesses as they promote and participate in our October Awareness Month! Watch for these on Facebook!

Thank you very much!

Pamela Thompson

Healthcare Resources Puerto Vallarta

Anheuser-Busch InBev, not only is a multinational beverage producer, but has just opened Mexico’s largest malting plant, a US $60-million investment in Calera, Zacatecas.

It is expected to support its barley production on 140,000 hectares of farm land in the state of Zacatecas. It will require more than 200,000 tonnes of barley per year, most of which is expected to be provided by Zacatecas farmers.

Anheuser-Busch Inbev owned Grupo Modelo’s will use the production to brew  Corona, Modelo and Pacífico. Grupo Modelo is Mexico’s biggest beer maker.

The plant of the Mexican company Sucroliq in Irapuato , Guanajuato , is the only one of its kind worldwide to fully automate all its processes, with which it generates around 150 thousand liters of liquid sugar a day.  To achieve this, the plant implemented Industry leading technology to  convert granular sugar into liquid sugar for the food industry, and is located within the plant that Danone has in Irapuato.  “The Industry 4.0 technology installed by Siemens offers levels of efficiency and control of the processes that no sugar factory has in the country.”

Although Sucroliq already had plants in Amecameca and Monterrey, the one in Irapuato was fully automated two years ago.  The liquid sugar generated is directly fed into the production lines of the companies that buy their product, as is the case of Danone in Irapuato. The main technology used in this plant, whose total investment was 7.5 million dollars, was done due to the fact that the food industry demands high quality standards.

A special thanks to Milenio for this article.

Here is a partial list of specific stretches of highways that the tolls were announced increased on September 7, 2018. Some of these increases are indicated here and others only show the new rates:

Mexico-Puebla, increased from $141 to $165; Mexico-Querétaro, the increase is $18, to $166; Tehuacán to Oaxaca, went from $200 to $233; Durango-Mazatlan, increased by $65 and now motorists will pay $601, and Lagos de Moreno-San Luis Potosi, which is the one that connects Jalisco, from $95 to $107.

Monterrey-Nuevo Laredo increased to $253; the Cordoba-Veracruz, $ 206; La Tinaja-Cosoleacaque, $410; Cadereyta-Reynosa, $264; La Carbonera-Puerto Mexico, $62; of Reynosa- Mayamoros, $ 77; Champoton-Campeche, $72; Chamapa-Lechería, $52; Don-Nogales Station, $398; Gómez Palacio-Corralitos-Autopista Unión, $253; Torreón-Saltillo, $202; Agua Dulce-Cárdenas, $76; Bridge of Ixtla-Iguala, $82; La Pera-Cuautla, $64; Zacapalco-Rancho Viejo, $33; Tihuatlán-Gutiérrez Zamora, $43; Las Choapas-Ocozoautla, $229; Querétaro-Irapuato, $156; Puebla-Acatzingo, $67.

Acatzingo-Ciudad Mendoza, $130; Mendoza City-Córdoba, $30; Tijuana-Ensenada, $112; Rancho Viejo-Taxco, $15; La Rumorosa-Tecate, $78; Salina Cruz-The suction cup, $108 and the Libramiento sur II of Reynosa, $66.

There are a few toll roads where the prices remained the same.

¡Qué tenga un buen viaje, amigos!

BBC World




Bad news for those who enjoy what they thought was a “healthy” glass of wine a day: even moderate drinking is bad for your health.

That is the warning of the authors of a large global study published in the prestigious journal The Lancet, which confirms what some previous studies had already pointed out: that no level of alcohol consumption can be considered healthy.

The Global Burden of Disease study is the largest and most detailed research on the causes of disease and death in the world, and its data also analyzes the levels of alcohol consumption and its impact on the health of the population in 195 countries.

In 2016, drinking alcohol was the main risk factor for premature death and disability for people between 15 and 49 years of age and its consumption is linked to one-tenth of all deaths in this demographic group.

So while researchers admit that moderate drinking may slightly protect against some heart diseases, (as some studies have pointed out in the past), the combined risks of developing cancer, injuries, and other illnesses associated with alcohol consumption largely outweigh these possible benefits .

“No limit is safe”

“Although the health risks associated with alcohol when you consume one drink a day are very low, they increase rapidly by drinking more ,” the lead author of the study, Dr. Max Griswold of the University of Washington, told the BBC. Seattle.

Erveza bottle

“If you’re going to drink, educate yourself about the risks, and assume them in an informed way,” says one of the co-authors of the study.

“Previous studies found a positive effect of alcohol for some heart diseases, but we found that, combined, the health risks associated with alcohol increase with any amount consumed,” however low it may be, he said.

“This report shows that no limit is safe, ” said Sonia Saxena, one of the study’s authors.

According to the academic, the recommendations of public health institutions should be updated and governments should rethink their policies.

“If you’re going to drink, educate yourself about the risks , and make a well-informed decision,” he recommends.

The figures of “risk”

The study was carried out by researchers from the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation , University of Washington.

According to Saxena this is one of the most important and detailed investigations ever conducted on the subject.

Friends drinking beer

Among young people, the risk to health of drinking one drink per day is only slightly higher than abstention, 0.5%. But the risk of taking two increases to 7%.

The academics analyzed the levels of alcohol consumption and its impact on health in 195 countries, between 1990 and 2016 and for ages between 15 and 95 years.

They used information from nearly 700 studies to understand how common is the practice of drinking alcohol and almost 600 others to measure health risks. In total it is estimated that they considered data from some 28 million people around the world.

And so they were able to compare the health of abstainers with people who drink different amounts of alcohol per day.

It is estimated that one in three people in the world drink alcohol . In global terms, it is consumed by 25% of women and 39% of men.

Woman looking out the window

According to the study, the level of alcohol consumption more “safe” for health is abstinence.

Among young people, the risk to health of drinking one drink per day is only slightly higher than abstention, 0.5%.

But that risk increases rapidly with a higher consumption of alcohol, 7% for those who drink two drinks a day and 37% for those who drink five

An alcoholic beverage was defined as 10g of alcohol , which is equivalent to a small glass of wine, a can or bottle of beer or a standard measure of hard liquor.

The study found that globally among those over 50, 27% of cancer deaths among women and 19% of those of men were linked to alcohol consumption.

Among the youngest population, the highest risk of death linked to alcohol consumption is tuberculosis (1.4% of deaths), traffic accidents (1.2%) and self-harm (1.1%).

A nuance

Although alcohol abuse is a serious health problem at the global level, some people ask to take some perspective on these results.

Professor David Spiegelhalter, professor of public perception of risk at the University of Cambridge, makes a nuance about the conclusions of academics.


“Given the pleasure presumably associated with moderate alcohol consumption, saying that there is no ‘safe’ level does not seem to be an argument for abstention, ” said the academic, who was not involved in the study.

“No level of driving is safe, but the government does not recommend people not to drive,” he said.

“If you think about it, no way of living has a safe level , but nobody would recommend abstaining from it,” he concluded.

Editor’s Note:  You be the judge….

Is this just another way of confusing us innocent fun loving folks?

Or is this some FAKE news, the likes of which we have been filled up with lately?

Or should we all stop all together and just walk down to the beach lugging our $9.50 Starbucks coffee?

I know what I am going to do……. and it doesn’t include any coffee.

Tijuana, Baja California, became the first city on the northern border of Mexico, to unanimously approve, in the Cabildo session, the non-use of plastic bags in self-service and convenience stores, adding to several articles of the Regulation of Protection to the Environment for Tijuana, a measure that will come into force in 180 days from its publication in the Official State Periodic. This measure emerged from the joint work that the XXII City Council of Tijuana initiated with the UN Program for Mexico on the environment in June 2017, when the city was the first entity in the country to join the global Mares Limpios campaign, which seeks to reduce Pollution by plastic in the oceans.

The initiative to prohibit the use and transportation of plastic bags in Tijuana, had the support of the business sector through the National Chamber of the Tijuana Transformation Industry, as well as Applied Green Economy, which led the modification with the support of the service sector and civil society. FABRICA 25 PERCENT For the production of Tequila, dairy and furniture is recognized Arandas, Jalisco; However, this municipality is also known for being a reference on a national scale in the production of plastic bags.

According to the Association of Manufacturers of Plastic Bags of Mexico (Inboplast) and the National Association of Plastic Industries, in that place produces 25 percent of all bags manufactured. Jalisco alone represents 50 percent of these products nationwide. José Anguiano Hernández, president of Inboplast, spoke about the profits that are had with respect to the sale of the product and said that this resource is in danger before the proposals aimed at its prohibition. “It would cost Mexico 45 thousand 732 million pesos that we would stop generating; to Jalisco 6 thousand 727 million (Arandas, 2 billion), I do not say it, says the Inegi Economic Census, “he said.

Villagers from La Escobilla beach informed the representative in Mexico of the UN for the environment (UNDP), Dolores Barrientos, that the sale of turtle eggs has dropped in the area because there are no buyers.

This official toured the coast of Oaxaca during the weekend to promote the elimination of plastic; In his activities he met with the locals who explained him about the care of the turtles.

Pedro Ramírez, a member of the Escobilla Cooperative explained that, in recent years, the egg market has fallen because there is no longer demand.

“It has been going down because there are no buyers like there used to be, before there were very strong buyers, with big cars, they arrived and, right now there is not,” he said in an interview with Barrientos.

In the material disseminated by the representative of the UN, Ramírez acknowledged that there are still people who continue to trade these products and that, despite the information they have been given on the protection of the species, “do not understand.”

He added: “Before a buyer gets 700 thousand eggs, now not anymore; Now (the locals) take out their thousand or two thousand eggs but they will sell them alone, to see if they are lucky and not to catch them. If they take out the eggs in the first arrival, but in the second night they do not take out because they have the egg in the house, there is no sale because there are no buyers, “he said.

The also certified guide by the National Commission of Protected Natural Areas (Conanp) told Barrientos that they are seeing the recovery that year after year, the species has had.

He highlighted that Escobilla is the most important beach in the world in the top of turtles Golfina, Prieta and Laud; that on some nights up to 100 thousand species arrive to lay their eggs.

Where to vacation in Mexico for a good 4G experience

Summer may be nearly over, which means Mexico’s biggest national holiday is less than a month away. On Sept. 16, millions of Mexicans will celebrate their country’s independence with festivals and parades while many of them take advantage of the two-day national break to vacation in other cities across the country. As people make their Independence Day plans, we thought it would be interesting to look at the type of 4G experience consumers can expect in some of Mexico’s most popular tourism cities.

For this analysis, OpenSignal examined data in 17 large cities that are popular tourist destinations in Mexico — from Cancún at the tip of the Yucatán Peninsula in the east to the border city of Mexicali in the Northwest. We looked at average 4G download and upload speeds and the level of 4G access in each of those places over a 90-day period between May and July to see how some of Mexico’s most popular vacation spots stacked up.

4G Speeds in Mexico’s Large Tourism Cities4G Download4G Upload0 Mbps6 Mbps12Mbps18Mbps24Mbps30MbpsChihuahuaMonterreyGuadalajaraQueretaroMeridaHermosilloSaltilloMexicaliAcapulcoVeracruzSan Luis PotosiLeonMexico CityCancunTolucaAguascalientesPueblaAverage LTE Download and Upload Speeds(Source: OpenSignal)

There must be something about the Chihuahuan desert air that inexplicably makes it the ideal medium for powerful LTE connections. The city of Chihuahua had the fastest 4G download speeds in our list. With an average downlink connection of 27.8 Mbps, Chihuahua was more than 4 Mbps faster than the 2nd-and 3rd-ranked cities Monterrey and Guadalajara. Also, anyone sharing on social media their visits to the Quinta Gameros or Chihuahua’s other historical buildings won’t have any trouble establishing a good video stream. Chihuahua had the fastest 4G upload speed in our list as well, averaging connections of 13.4 Mbps.

Of the 17 tourist destinations we examined, 12 of them averaged download speeds faster than 20 Mbps. Mexico City wasn’t one of them though. It just missed the cut with an LTE download score of 19.9 Mbps. Though the capital’s speeds are by no means slow, they definitely seem to be trailing other large cities, which might seem odd considering the level of 4G investment in the country’s economic and political center. But while Mexico City likely has powerful LTE networks, it also has a huge number of 4G users all vying for capacity on those networks, which could cause average speeds to slow down.

4G Availability in Mexico’s Large Tourism Cities Mexicali Queretaro Hermosillo Chihuahua Merida Saltillo Puebla Monterrey Veracruz Leon Guadalajara Toluca Aguascalientes San Luis Potosi Cancun Acapulco Mexico City 4G Availability (Source: OpenSignal)

4G Availability
Mexicali 86.5%
Queretaro 85.9%
Hermosillo 85.5%
Chihuahua 85.3%
Merida 85.3%
Saltillo 85%
Puebla 84.8%
Monterrey 84.4%
Veracruz 83.5%
Leon 83.1%
Guadalajara 82.8%
Toluca 82.8%
Aguascalientes 82%
San Luis Potosi 81.5%
Cancun 81.2%
Acapulco 80.8%
Mexico City 80.8%

In our 4G availability metric, Mexicali emerged as the city in our list where our users had the most access to LTE services. A popular day-trip destination due to its location just over the U.S.-Mexico border, Mexicali had a 4G availability of 86.5%. Querétaro and its UNESCO World Heritage Site colonial center came a close second with an LTE availability of 85.9%. And as we saw with 4G speed, the deserts of Northern Mexico seem to have some magical effect on 4G services: Hermosillo and Chihuahua rounded out our top four.

Mexico City landed at the bottom of our list of tourism cities for LTE reach, just below beach-resort meccas Cancún and Acapulco – but that shouldn’t be seen as an indictment of any of them. All 17 cities we analyzed had 4G availability scores above 80%, indicative of excellent LTE reach in metro areas nationwide.

Famed New York nudes photographer, Spencer Tuncik, decided to take advantage of the huge quantities of sargassum seaweed that have been washing up on the Caribbean beaches of Quintana Roo. He got together a group of willing enthusiasts and proceeded to the beach for a spontaneous photo shoot.

His work is geared toward informing the people of the ever increasing problem of the brown and green algae on the beaches causing disastrous cleanup problems on the beaches and the consequential devastation to the local tourist industry.

In the next few days Spencer is traveling to Norway to Norway, to perform his first work of a naked group above the Arctic Circle.  Good luck with that one!

Story courtesy of La Jornada

Nayarit plans to construct an industrial mango handling plant by 2021 and will process about 2 million tons per season.

The intention of the project is that it will initially collect and market the fruit to be packaged and exported to countries in Europe and Asia, with the safety specifications that are required, thus improving the price for local producers.

A few days ago they started the anchor project, which consists of a pulp processor, but in the coming months it is expected to install other areas to process the different mango presentations required by the industry, such as dehydrated, frozen and packaged.

The secretary of work, productivity, and economic development (Setraprode) Ernesto Navarro said that this plant is located in the Agroparque 5 de Mayo de Tepic -which has an area of ​​50 hectares and could house 18 companies of the fruit branch, -among mango , avocado and other local products-.

“This plant will be able to process 1,500 tons of product per day between the months of March and October every year, around 2 million tons per season; the interest is to have the most important industrial plant in the world in handling mango, “said the secretary.

Navarro González mentioned that for the mango area there is still the possibility that more companies of platforms, depleted, drums and other vocations, are installed in the place, so he called on investors in the field to meet the demand.

Finally, he said that the establishment of scientific and technological industries that can offer the improvement of plants and cultivation techniques so that in the same harvest area, increase production is also expected.

One of the proposals announced by the winner of the presidential election Andrés Manuel López Obrador in educational matters is to create 100 public universities in the country during his term. Although the strategy has not been detailed, in no country in Latin America has something similar been achieved.

During 14 years of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Dilma Rousseff’s term in Brazil, 14 federal universities were created; in Argentina there were 20 more and in Venezuela 30 schools between 1999 and 2016. Maybe only in India could such growth be thought of, and it would be “at a very high cost”, says Alma Maldonado, doctor in Higher Education and researcher at the Research Center and Advanced Studies (CINVESTAV).

In fact, the idea of ​​creating more universities is something that the National Regeneration Movement (Brunette) has sought in recent years, through the University Schools Program. In February 2016, eight schools started operations in the country, and four more schools were opened in Veracruz last March.

Their support, as reported by Raquel Sosa, project coordinator of Morena, is through donations from party members. But so far there has been no evaluation of its operation.

Admission to higher education has been a permanent challenge in the country, because until 2016 only 17% of people between 25 to 64 years of age in Mexico had completed higher education, the lowest proportion among the OECD countries .

Until the 2016 cycle, the rate of education in higher education was 32.1%, according to the fifth report of the government of President Enrique Peña Nieto.

That is, only 3 out of 10 young people of school age are doing it.

This is less than the coverage registered in Cuba, where until 2015 the coverage amounted to 95%; Puerto Rico, 86%; Venezuela, 78%; o Argentina with 71%, according to the research “Higher education in Mexico” , of the Instituto Belisario Domínguez (IBD) of the Senate of the Republic.

For Alma Maldonado, however, the problem is not solved only with more schools, but with rethinking the form of income, because the current model gives greater opportunities to those who have had better economic and social conditions, and lags behind those who in themselves they are in vulnerable situations.

“You are not solving equity problems by only creating more institutions because we have a saturation of the demand for higher education in certain universities. That is, the UNAM, and the percentage of access and rejected is a scandal. Yes, other types of institutions have been created (technological, polytechnic), but whose access has not generated the interest of the students, “Maldonado warns.

To address the problem of coverage in higher education, insists the researcher, we must first discuss the inequality that exists in the system itself, because only increasing the number of schools is “stratifying the same system”.

That is why, he says, a middle class student who graduated from a private, bilingual high school, who lives in a family context with intellectual and social incentives, “has all the advantages to enter the UNAM, or the IPN or the UAM , in front of a boy who comes from an exactly opposite condition “.

For example, according to statistics on the socioeconomic profile of the students who entered a UNAM race in 2016, only 2.17% of the children of peasants achieved a space. The children of directors or officers totaled 2.37%, and the bulk of students are children of employees, with 28.8%.

“This point is not being discussed and it would have to be the essential point in a left government,” says Maldonado, who is also a professor at UNAM.

What should be reviewed is the selection process. The draw option removes the burden on the student, that if he does not achieve a place he feels unsuccessful, but the debate is why discard the academic merit.

An alternative could be to “put peers in competition with peers. That is, have a system of socioeconomic quotas where, for example, indigenous students will have a number of places, and they will compete with each other and the best ones will enter. But you can not put a Mixe student to compete with private high school students in Coyoacán. ”

“Only 9.5% of young people from the very low stratum achieved access to higher education, a fraction that increases to 24.4% in the low stratum, 36.3% in the middle, and 57.9% in the upper stratum. These gaps reflect in part the disadvantages accumulated before entering high school, “the researchers warn.

Even, this inequality begins from the upper secondary education, where the future to the university can be determined by the campus in which the student was accepted.

Many young people from middle and lower socio-economic strata who aspire to pursue university studies in Mexico City already know: “the entrance examination to the baccalaureate is a breaking point in their aspirations, which puts at stake not only what type of school enter, but also the opportunities to aspire to the university and to attend a public university like the UNAM “.


It is the most important cave found so far in Yucatan: it has figures of birds, mammals, a cross, geometric figures, human forms, a warrior and hands.

In the middle of the jungle , about 12 meters deep , the archaeologist Sergio Grosjean Abimerhi and his team found a cave with cave paintings, the cavern seems the most important in Yucatan because of the richness of the images, which show “the high degree of the evolution of the Mayan culture “.

The paintings are printed on a rock about 15 meters long and five meters high in that cave found in the eastern part of the state of Yucatan, in southeastern Mexico, which also houses a small cenote of blue waters.

“It is not the only cave with cave paintings in Yucatan, but it is the most important because it has many elements: birds, mammals, a cross, geometric figures, human forms and among them that of a warrior, as well as hands in negative and positive “Said the researcher and documentary advisor of National Geographic , Discovery Channel and BBC , as well as Japanese and Spanish firms.

In other communities of Yucatan, such as Homún, Kaua and Akil , petro-engravings have been discovered , sometimes difficult to decipher, “but they show the high degree of evolution of the Mayan culture and in this new discovery is no exception, ” Director of the Mexican Institute of Ecology, Science and Culture, civil association founded to conduct environmental and cultural research.

The paintings in the new site “have colors derived from a wide range of pigments and materials derived from the Earth such as k’ankab (red or yellow earth),” he said.

The researcher and diver said that his team is motivated since the new discovery will allow to know more about the customs of the Mayans, “although we still do not know its meaning or to what time these cave paintings belong , but they are the most important we have seen ,

As a matter of principle, he informed that they have contacted researchers from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) such as Luis Alberto Martos and other specialists with whom they will meet in the next few days on the site to identify the elements.

“Now we can not reveal the exact location , because unfortunately in Yucatan the looters and vandals take us a step forward,” he lamented.

Grosjean said that in order to study the meaning of the paintings, the researchers will take images and photographs and then, “if the authorities allow it,” they will carry out a sustainable project so that visitors have access to the site and thereby “generate sources of employment for the inhabitants of the place. ”

The inhabitants already want to open the place for the public to enjoy the paintings. “They are proud of the forms that seem to show extinct animalsand daily practices of the warriors, as well as rituals of their Mayan ancestors,” he said.

The archaeologist, author of the book Secrets of the Cenotes of Yucatan , considers that the art of the ancient Maya “can not remain hidden for a few; it must be exposed with all the security rules that a place with such acultural value must have “.

” Yucatan is culturally rich , but unfortunately there is no interest from the three levels of government (federal, state and municipal). They do not value or respect the sacred Mayan sites, as some have turned them into spas,“says the diver, who was part of the logistics team of Xibalbá , a film filmed in cenotes of the Yucatan Peninsula that shows the Mayan underworld.

Grosjean, who has dedicated himself to environmental care for more than 20 years , said that in Yucatán there are more than three thousand cenotes that have Mayan treasures and bones, and “many have been plundered.”

The archaeologist Sergio Grosjean Abimerhi, regrets that the findings are not valued (Special)

“The work of an expedition is expensive and difficult , but fortunately we have the support of some foundations that provide resources to clean cenotes, ” he says, but he regrets that the authorities do not value his work. “It’s difficult because you can suffer snake bites in the caves, or have an accident on the road or down rappel,” he says.

He also regrets that there is more interest from foreign entities such as National Geographic in promoting this type of findings . “Sometimes there is no interest or the media; they do not realize that these places are the heritage of humanity, “he adds.

Sergio Grosjean says he believes “one hundred percent that Yucatan has the potential to become the global mecca of the underground world and thereby generate thousands of jobs and at the same time prevent water contamination.”

“I hope that the new authorities (emanating from the July 1 elections) have that same vision and take advantage of the potential and cultural richness of Yucatan, which is disappearing by leaps and bounds because of vandals and looters,” he warned.

This article is courtesy of Milenio.

The jade mask of Calakmul, one of the main symbols of the ancient Mayan civilization, returns to Campeche after 8 years touring the world as cultural and historical ambassador of Mexico and Campeche.

“I think it’s the most beautiful of all, so being the most beautiful of all was the one that was taken to be an icon of Campeche and the one that has allowed us, the one that has been an ambassador of Campeche to the world,” said Claudia Escalante Díaz, director of INAH Campeche museums.

The mask was found in 1984 and was part of a mortuary offering that was found in one of the main buildings in the city of Calakmul that the Mayans built about 2,000 years ago in what is now the southeastern state of Campeche.

Also found were 9 other jade masks and the skeletal remains of Yuknoom Yich’aak K’ahk who was the K’uhul Kaan Ajaw or sovereign of the snake kingdom, known as Jaguar’s Claw, the last warrior king of the Maya.

“Archaeologists find their remains and their companions their grave goods. In addition to the jadeite masks that are very important pieces because it also tells us about the commercial relationships that there were, “said Antonio Benavides Castillo, delegate of INAH in Campeche.

The mask, made in jade and applications of seashells and gray obsidian, has traveled several countries as an important piece of exhibition in museums in Paris, London, New York and Beijing, among others:

“This mask had been on loan for 14 years and in many places around the world and when we finally brought it to Campeche,” said Claudia Escalante Díaz, INAH Campeche Museum Director.

The jade masks represented the face that the Mayan dignitaries wanted to show when appearing before the gods of the underworld or kingdom of the dead and will be permanently exhibited in the Museum of Maya Architecture, located in the Baluarte de la Soledad.

Thanks to TelevisaNews for this article.

Today being Sunday, and that is the best day to traverse the new highway because there are no workers, I ventured out to the highway project to see what progress had been made since Jim and I went snooping last year.

Being overly optimistic, I started by driving up the Alta Vista road to see how the two roads were going to meet.(Overpass-Underpass?) Not one sign of the new highway there! So I decided to go to the El Capomo road to see how far past that highway it had had gotten since Jim and I were there.  Sorry to say, there was no apparent  progress to the south on that front either.

There is a rather large pile of boulders, near the El Capomo road crossing, that my be used for landscaping.

The next step of my investigation required my traversing the new road from El Capomo to the north. It took some finagling to get onto the road surface. I needed to circumvent some concrete highway blockades, climb some scary trails, meant only for road building equipment and then head on to the north. Fortunately, it being Sunday, there were no guards nor workers visible anywhere and my trusty all-wheel drive came in very handy.

The road itself is as smooth as any I have driven on. I had to dodge a few big rocks sitting in the middle of the road, probably put there to deter the crazy snoopy people like me, but all in all a very nice drive. I drove about 15 – 20 km before I came to an area that had some construction equipment sitting around, un-attended and lonely. This was about where Jim and I were stopped the last time we were on this road. Then, over the crest of the hill, I spotted a huge tunnel being dug. I walked down into it and found that the tunnel was only about 75 yards deep, before coming to a seemly insurmountable rock wall.

My curiosity was piqued again, so I found a single lane construction trail leading to the other side of the tunnel. Thank God for my all wheel drive, I needed it. The result of my search was anti-climatic, to say the least. The tunnel was not going to be much deeper than what I had already seen from the other end. Perhaps 250 feet long(less than 100 meters). A very short tunnel. Why didn’t they just avoid the costs of constructing a tunnel and simply use earth moving equipment to dredge out a small valley. Not being a highway engineer, I will refrain from speculating any further. My honest thought is it was done this way to allow wildlife to traverse from one side of the highway to the other.

There being no visible escape route from that point heading north, I returned to where I started on the southern end of the unfinished highway, at the El Capomo road.

The part of this story I really want to tell is as follows:   The first dozen or so times you use this new highway, after it is finished, you will be spellbound by the beauty it beholds. The vistas are some of the most spectacular I have ever seen. If you do not fall in love with what you are viewing, you need to clean your glasses. As you can tell, I was truly taken back by the beauty.

The photos included herein do not do the scenic beauty justice. You will have to wait until you have your chance to possibly sneak in for a look.  I was able stop and look for as long as I wished. No one to bother me and no one to be seen. And my cerveza was ice-cold.



A bridge to nowhere and from nowhere. Maybe for the animals to cross.???





Un-anticipated rock slide. That small chunk in the middle of the photo is about 5 meters long. And the one above it to the right is about the size of a small school bus.




The other end of the tunnel.






More of the beauty.






From inside the new tunnel.






A smooth and wide open highway, just not finished yet.





A quick observation… I did not try to look any further to the south towards Puerto Vallarta. I have been watching and have seen no signs of new access roads. I hesitate to make any predictions on a completion date.  2020 maybe!  It is hard to tell. The worst or most difficult part, through those treacherous mountains, is mostly over. They have done a remarkable job so far.  When finished, it will be something for all of us to be proud of.

If anyone has some photos they would like to share, send them to me and I will add them to this blog entry. Or perhaps start a new one.



Andrés Manuel López Obrador presented 12 priority law reforms for the fourth transformation of Mexico and he hoped that in the future they would not need more.

After meeting yesterday with a group of lawmakers from the three parties that make up the coalition that swept him to a landslide victory on July 1, López Obrador told a press conference that the next Congress will propose a 50% reduction to the wages paid to federal deputies and senators.

If approved, members of the lower house in the next Congress will earn a gross monthly salary of 37,336 pesos (US $1,983) while senators will be paid 58,700 pesos (US $3,120).

López Obrador also said that the gross salary he will receive as president will be halved from its current monthly level of 209,135 pesos (US $11,090) and that perks and benefits for all politicians — such as health insurance covering major medical expenses — will be eliminated.

The next president raised them to federal deputies and senators elected and plurinominales as the most urgent to work in the next term, because they are the basis for ending corruption and have a government with Republican austerity.

“We think that with these changes it will be enough to fulfill the commitments and that the fourth transformation of the country takes place, no further changes are needed in the law, this is the fundamental, the priority,” he said in a conference after the meeting. meeting with elected legislators.

The document “Considerations for deputies, senators and senators”, that the Tabasqueno read in its entirety, includes the following “possible reforms to the legal framework”:

1. The regulatory law to apply in the three branches the article 127 of the Constitution, which He notes that no official can earn more than the President of the Republic.

2. Prepare the legal reform for the creation of the Ministry of Public Security.

3. Prepare the reform project to end privileges and privileges for officials, which includes amending Article 108 of the Constitution to add that the acting president may be tried for crimes of violation of electoral freedoms and corruption.

4. Reform the law to consider serious crimes, without the right to bail, corruption, fuel theft and electoral fraud in any form.

5. Prepare, in due course, the Income and Budget Law 2019, with responsibility of the Ministry of Finance.

6. Reform the corresponding law to transfer the Presidential General Staff to the Ministry of Defense.

7. Reverse the recent decree of water privatization.

8. Modify or revoke laws of educational reform, in coordination with the Secretary of Public Education.

9. Establish in article 3 of the Constitution the right to free public education at all school levels.

10. Establish in the law the consultation mechanism for the revocation of the mandate and remove obstacles or locks for the application of all citizen consultation procedures that must be binding in nature with the purpose of enforcing participatory democracy.

11. Review if any reform is needed to increase the minimum wage in the northern border area of ​​the country, and

12. Carry out changes in laws, regulations, decrees or agreements to adjust the administrative structure of the government to the Plan of Republican Austerity, which will involve merging areas, eliminating undersecretaries, addresses and other organizations, as well as regrouping unionized public servants. No basic worker will be fired.

López Obrador explained that by September 1, when the next term begins, “we would have submitted projects because there is a mechanism that contemplates the law for preferential initiatives”, which in this case will include adjusting salaries, ending privileges and combat to corruption.

He anticipated that duplicate positions of trust and high levels will be eliminated, and he gave as examples “the Communication area” of the federal secretariats and delegations. Regarding the support to former presidents, he said that they will be entitled to a pension from the Issste and to help older adults if they are over 65 years old. He added that teachers, nurses, doctors, police and soldiers will earn above inflation.

To read further details from Mexico News Daily, click here.

Guadalajara (Mexico) .- With the juice of the cactus, a plant of the family of cacti and the basic ingredient in Mexican cuisine, a Mexican academic has created a biodegradable natural plastic that can reduce pollution.

Sandra Pascoe, from the University of Valle de Atemajac (Univa) in Guadalajara, western Mexico, developed this plastic after several experiments with this cactus so used in salads and in traditional Mexican stews.

At first, she experimented with dried pieces of nopal, which she proceeded to pulverize and mix with some additives, but the process was slow and the physical and chemical characteristics changed a lot and the material oxidized quickly, points out Efe.

Then she began to use the juice of the species “opuntia ficus indica”, the most common among nopales and widely used as a vegetable, and, recently, he took the so-called “opuntia megacantha”, which is famous for its fruit, the prickly pear, very juicy although covered with a shell with thorns.

“Basically, plastic is formed with the sugars of cactus juice, the monosaccharides and polysaccharides it contains,” confirms the researcher.

Ensures that the nopal has a very viscous consistency that comes from those sugars, pectin and organic acids and “that viscosity is what we are taking advantage of so that a solid material can be produced,” she says.

In her laboratory of he Department of Exact Sciences and Engineering, Pascoe made a mixture of juice of the decanted and fiber-free nopal with glycerin, natural waxes, proteins and dyes to create a formula that is dried in plates to obtain thin plastic sheets.

This process was registered in 2014 at the Mexican Institute of Intellectual Property (IMPI) and its development has been possible with the financing obtained from the National Council of Science and Technology (Conacyt) of Mexico.

The researcher states that with the support of the campus of Biological and Agricultural Sciences of the University of Guadalajara, is in the process of knowing the characteristics of degradation of this plastic, that is, under what conditions and how long it takes to decompose in a natural environment.

“We have done very simple tests of degradation in the laboratory, we have put it for example in water and we have seen that it is undone, it is necessary to do the chemical test to see if this material has been completely disintegrated, we have also done tests on moistened earth Compost type and also the material is undone, she added.

On its commercial uses, it highlights that this plastic could be used to replace supermarket bags and to create low density materials such as containers for cosmetics, bases for scientific prototypes, costume jewelery and even toys.

“When we are studying and doing the hardness and resistance tests, we have realized that it can be a material that is used in different applications, that initial form that we obtain can be melted and put into molds,” he says.

The academic confirms that projects have already been done at the student level to generate prototypes “very simple and you can see that there is potential to do some other things with this material”.

For now they are in the process of performing the thermal and density tests of the plastic to know how much weight it can resist in case of being transformed into bags and other products.

The next step, she says, is to find resources to generate or buy a machine that can make the special molds and create a prototype of bags so that companies know the project and are interested in adopting it.

The innovation is in patent process. Once this is granted by the IMPI, it will be possible to generate agreements to transfer the technology to the interested companies, she assures.

This story is courtesy of  Vanguardia/Mx

This article is courtesy of El Financiero

Three Tecnológico de Monterrey students developed ‘ Harvest ‘, a wastewater purification system that also produces electricity, and now they are on their way to London to accelerate their project.

Joel Garzafox and Rodrigo Chinchilla (22 years old) and Jaime García (23) won the national edition of the Hult Prize challenge, one of the most important social enterprise competitions in the world.

The young people, who attend the last semester of the Engineering in Chemical Administrator (IQA) at the Monterrey campus , earned 50 thousand dollars and for two months, starting on July 21, they will participate in the accelerator program at the Hult International Business School , in London, along with 39 teams from different parts of the world.

The six best teams will compete in the Hult Prize global final at the UN headquarters in New York; the first place will earn a million dollars.

“We have had a lot of support from our mentor, the Tec people, family, friends, teachers. If you see that people are believing in your project and they see something interesting, and if you see results little by little, it is something valuable, “Garcia shared with El Financiero.

The idea of ​​the project arose from several researches that young people made thanks to their classes. “We found that there was a system that was hardly in development and that could be done,” García said.

The main obstacle of a poorly studied purification system is that there is no evidence necessary to reach a consensus on its use and functionality.

To develop their idea, they needed a mentor, and they found her in Rashmi Chandra, a biotechnology postdoctoral researcher, originally from India, who is staying at the Tec de Monterrey as a research professor.

Rashmi let the students base their work on the technology that she developed in her doctoral thesis. Thanks to this, they were able to deploy an initial prototype “very small” with which they confirm that Harvest is functional.

The Harvest process includes a tour of three tanks, purifying elements and filters, as well as the help of solar energy and underwater plants.

“(Harvest) will enter the water that was already used in the kitchen, in the shower, contaminated water from the rivers and will administer the first tank of the system; During the process, this water is going to be purified with the plants along with other filters and material that serves as a purifier. While this process is going on, the electricity that is going to be generated is going to be enough to light up a room (in its final phase), “explained Garzafox.

The contaminated water passes through algae that in contact with the sun releases microorganisms that eat the dirt; later, by means of an electron system, the water is channeled so that it in turn produces electricity. At the end, a filter made with materials such as coal, clay or gravel carries out the final cleaning.

Although they have tested algae in the system, Garcia said they will do studies to find out which plant is best suited for each community.

“Any underwater plant is useful for this project, but there is a specific type that we have studied, which are the monocots (monocots), with which we know that energy can be generated to produce an impact on the lives of people in marginalized areas”, he added.

The first prototype can recycle water, and managed to charge a cell phone and a bureau clock. With the 50 thousand dollars of the prize, they will build a more advanced one “that can truly demonstrate that our proposal, which we want to launch to the market, is feasible,” García said.

The entrepreneurs calculate that the initial price of the system will be between 120 and 150 dollars. “As long as we manage to grow the project, we could reduce the price significantly. So that people can pay for the systems, we plan to work with local microfinance companies so that families can buy the system in monthly payments for a year, “Garzafox explained.

The students seek to fine-tune their business model during their stay in London, and they hope to start marketing it by the end of 2019.

Altiplano is Mexico’s new malting plant.

First, I would like to offer some basics in beer making:  The three must have ingredients are water, yeast and malted barley. Others added to change flavors and characteristics are strictly a personal preference. Yeast and water, being very important to the flavors and profiles, barley is where all the finesse comes in.

Barley is malted by soaking it in water to encourage sprouting and then heated and dried at specific temperatures to create desired flavors. Roasting is then done to produce even more  flavors and colors in the resulting beers.

Now on to the story…

On May 18th, the Maltería Central Antiplano opened its doors in Puebla, where 60 tons of malted barley will be produced initially with an investment of 30 million pesos (pesos), to supply 10 Mexican craft breweries.

However, this project, which will work with around 20 barley producers and generate 15 direct jobs, will have the capacity to produce to 1,000 tons per year by the end of 2018, which would supply 30% of the volume of 700 craft brewers in Mexico.

“This project not only seeks to satisfy the demand for malt, but also to encourage other entrepreneurs. Mostly, the malts come from the United States, Canada and Europe (especially Germany and Belgium), “explained Carlos Bencomo, general director of Maltería Central Altiplano, in an interview.

Small breweries import about 90% of the barley for the production of their beers.

There are more than 700 craft breweries in the country, which produce around 104,000 hectoliters per year. (I would like to know why we don’t have any here in Jaltemba Bay.)

The project will involve around 20 barley producers, generate 15 direct jobs and have the capacity to grow to 1,000 tons per year by the end of 2018.

The all new Mexican owned and produced Zacua will be manufactured in Puebla.

The firm intends to produce 80 zero polluting vehicles and with a price of 550 thousand pesos in its first year.

Jorge Martínez Ramos, executive president of the firm and the governor Antonio Gali Fayad inaugurated this plant that is located in the Industrial Park Puebla 2000 , and that initially will generate 35 direct jobs.

The factory will produce up to 100 units of type M2 and M3 , and  by 2019 it will double the figures.

These  two-seater units have ABS brakes  and  pass similar tests to those applied to vehicles such as  BMW 5 Series and Audi A4.

The  electric vehicles, manufactured by Zacua, have a  rechargeable battery which produces zero pollution.

Recommended maintenance is once every every two years to review and maintain the vehicle, depending on the use and wear caused by the user.

Like any battery, it  is suggested a charge for 8 hours  to achieve a  route close to 160 kilometers.

Although they have a maximum speed of 95 k/h, the recommended speed is 85 k/h.

The durability of the battery decreases when the maximum speed of the vehicle is reached and this represents a  greater wear for the accumulator.  As a result, the battery will have to be  replaced in less time, whose price in the market is almost 69 thousand pesos.

Jorge Martinez estimated that next year, the factory installed in the  Industrial Park Puebla 2000 will  produce up to  200 units a year, plus it will incorporate vehicles for 4 passengers.

To reach a production close to  2 thousand units per year requires an investment of 500 million pesos,  to  expand the production lines from one to four .

The first sales will be done online.

Thanks to for this article.


Will it be raining tequila in Mexico this rainy season?

Mexico is stepping up their game to guarantee if a border wall is ever built, there is only one side you will want to be on, the side where it rains tequila!

The Mexico Tourism Board rolled out a new machine that creates tasty tequila rain, one rainy season we can all get behind.

The creation was invented by the tourism board along with LAPIZ creative agency to try to appeal to German tourists and convince them to vacation in Mexico. The creation was rolled out and rained down tequila at a gallery in Berlin.

Probably people all over the world wouldn’t mind Mexico reaching out to them with a tequila raining machine either.

The tequila mist is created using ultrasonic humidifiers and contained in a plastic capsule, so that it keeps its shape.

When the vapor condenses, it then forms into little droplets of tequila heaven.

Anyone who is ready for a shot can hold their glass underneath and collect some of Mexico’s most famous drink.

Cheers to rainy days in Mexico!

Thank you to Puerto Vallarta Daily News for this article.  Publicity Stunt??? We will have to wait and see.

Investments in the installation of solar systems in homes and small businesses have been slowed by the shelter filed by the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) a year ago, generating uncertainty in the sector, says the National Association of Solar Energy.

“What could not be done is that small users can offer or sell energy to the CFE Basic Supply. That is the point that has not been achieved, and we believe that it is holding back investment, “said the secretary general of this organization, Héctor Hernández.

The national electricity company filed an injunction against the regulations issued by the Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE) on the methodology for calculating the rates that the CFE would pay when a user generated its own electricity with solar panels, and sold the surplus to CFE, or when the entire generation was sold directly. The first method is known as net billing and the second as a total sale.

“There has been a bureaucratic halt in the two segments that have to do with the issues of protection, net billing and total sale,” said Hernández.

These modalities have not taken off due to the legal conflict with the CFE, and although the industry has grown at rates of 110% for years, it can actually reach 200% if investors were certain about the payment they can receive from the Commission, he added. . “He is no longer just a domestic user, but investors who want to do business, and do not feel comfortable seeing the existence of the amparo.”

The Association hopes that it can advance in the resolution of the amparo that for now is in one of the courts specialized in economic competition.

The installation of this type of solar technologies -known as distributed generation, because electricity is consumed in the same place where it is produced- went from 130 MW to 270 MW between 2016 and 2017, but these producers were interconnected to the CFE network. through the scheme known as net metering .

In this system, households or companies consume as much electricity as they generate in their panels, such as the CFE, and only a subtraction is made to discount the generation of the final invoice, without generating payments in favor as in net billing.

Thank you to EXPANSION for this article.


As of May 1st, Alaska Airlines is imposing some new rules governing your taking your support animals with you in the cabin. These new policies are being initiated worldwide as a result of numerous incidents of airline employees and some customers being bitten, both on-board the aircraft and in the terminals.

Starting May 1, customers flying with psychiatric service animals must provide animal health and behavioral documents and a signed document from a medical professional at least 48 hours prior to departure.

The airline also will stop allowing amphibians, goats and animals with hooves, tusks or horns. Miniature horses will still be allowed under the Americans with Disabilities Act.

Certified Service Animals, which are typically dogs helping owners with physical disabilities, are not affected by these changes. The new rules only apply to Emotional Support Animals.

Alaska Airlines typically transports about 150 support animals every day.

According to, the Mexican company Granutec has found a way to grind used tired to powder to be used in producing acrylic-based ecological waterproofing paints and coatings.

The family business has used old tires to make sandals and huarachas for the past 40 years. Now two sisters  have teamed up with their father exploring new ways to convert old tires into pesos. Dulce and Olga Alvarez take care of marketing and administration for the family owned business of 20 employees.

Operating within a collection facility, with a capacity of 400 tons of tires, they have already won numerous awards for their impact on the environment.

Hummingbird Migration

Content for this article is courtesy of

Many hummingbirds spend the winter in Central America or Mexico, and migrate north to their breeding grounds in the southern U.S. and western states as early as February, and to areas further north later in the spring. The first arrivals in spring are usually males.

I think the lowly hummingbird was the impetus for the label – “snowbirds”. They don’t like the snow either.

The Migration Triggers

Although there are differing views in the birding community as to what triggers the start of migration, it is generally thought that hummingbirds sense changes in daylight duration, and changes in the abundance of flowers, nectar and insects. Instinct also plays a role in making the decision to migrate.

Making the Trip

During migration, a hummingbird’s heart beats up to 1,260 times a minute, and its wings flap 15 to 80 times a second. To support this high energy level, a hummingbird will typically gain 25-40% of their body weight before they start migration in order to make the long trek over land, and water.

They fly alone, often on the same path they have flown earlier in their life, and fly low, just above tree tops or water. Young hummingbirds must navigate without parental guidance.

The Yucatan’s hummingbirds are now making their annual migration to the US and Canada. Routes and times vary, but the journey can take over 24 hours of non-stop flight as they pass over the Gulf of Mexico.

Hummingbirds fly by day when nectar sources such as flowers are more abundant. Flying low allows the birds to see, and stop at, food supplies along the way. They are also experts at using tail winds to help reach their destination faster and by consuming less energy and body fat. Research indicates a hummingbird can travel as much as 23 miles in one day.

The spring migration can be hard on the hummingbird population as they move north from their winter homes in southern Mexico and Central America.

Stops along the way may be for a few minutes, or a few days at more favorable locations with abundant food supplies.

Strong cold fronts moving south over the Gulf of Mexico make flying difficult as the birds deal with headwinds and heavy rain, over long distances with no shelter. Food is non-existent over the open waters.

Creatures of Habit?

Hummingbirds are known to return to the same location from one year to the next, even to the same feeder! First arrivals in the spring, usually males, are back in Texas and Louisiana in late February to mid-March. In more northern states, first arrivals are not until April or May.

Fake Tequila being produced, is fostering unfair competition and potentially dangerous situations. Real tequila producers have charged that lax regulation and corruption are fostering unfair competition from these rogue manufacturers.

The Tequila Regulatory Council (CRT) says low-cost spirits sold as agave beverages are backed by a chain of fraud, corruption and bribery.

“There’s a huge over-tolerance on the part of the authorities in an environment plagued with impunity and illegal sales . . . with enormous consequences for the health [of consumers],” said public health specialist Arturo Cervantes Trejo.

Youths between 12 and 17 years old have said in various surveys that they purchase the beverages due to their low cost.

CRT general manager Ramón González Figueroa called the regulation of tequila “lax” and expressed concern over the sale of “fake tequila” in large grocery stores.

“We have to respect the rights of the consumers,” he told the newspaper Milenio. “The agave chain [of production] is not afraid of the competition, but is unhappy with unfair competition because the consumer is being played for a fool.”

The CRT has identified several brands it deems fake, including Rancho Escondido, El Mecatito, Mujeriego and El Compadre, among others.

However, there are some efforts under way to control the sale of illegal alcoholic beverages.

The council’s own data shows that 3.5 million liters of such beverages — including tequila — have been seized and destroyed by federal authorities since 2012.

Just last Friday, 43,000 liters were destroyed in Zapopan, Jalisco.

The president of the National Chamber of the Tequila Industry welcomed the confiscation of the liquor.

“We must raise awareness because the availability of alcoholic drinks is ever increasing. For this reason, we must reinforce the monitoring in at points of sale . . . and keep illegal products from being sold, consumed and exported,” said Rodolfo González González.

Investigations by a newspaper in the United States have brought accusations against Mexican resorts for serving tainted alcohol. The Milwaukee Journal has carried several stories about tourists claiming they were either drugged or sold bad alcohol.

The stories triggered a travel warning by the U.S. government, which in December began tracking reports by tourists of blackouts and injuries while on holiday in Mexico.

Thank you to Mexico News Daily for this interesting read.

Watching  Your Money

 So you’ve just bought a few things at the local supermarket or department store,  made your way to the  checkout and  hand the cashier a large bill and wait for your change.

The cashier hands you a fistful of change and some paper money and you stick it into your pocket, your purse or your wallet without thinking AND without counting it.

Do you ever do that? Does that ever happen to you?

I used to do that all the time! Not so much any more and I am going to tell you why.

I never used to think  too much about stopping to count  the change I was given back while shopping and paying cash. Surely the cashier was trained to know what I was supposed to get back in change? Why would I count it?  It has to be right doesn’t it?…the cash register even shows the clerk what they need to give you back in change!

At the restaurant, do we take a close look at the bill  after having our meal?  Most often we don’t  check it and calculate what the final tally should be. We pay the tab, tip the server and off we go, not thinking about checking the bill to make sure it was right. Surely the server is trained to know what they are doing? After all, it is their job to get it right…right?

You are at the bank. You pay some bills, need to cash a few cheques and withdraw a bit of money for the weekend. You chitchat with the teller and talk about the weather or your upcoming plans for the weekend. After all, you do not go into the bank that often anymore and visiting with the bank staff is something you enjoy doing. You finish all of your transactions. The teller hands you your change, a handful of bills , some loose coins, your receipt , and you mindlessly stick them into your wallet, your purse or your pocket. Off you go without really counting anything or checking to see if all is in order .

Were you really paying attention to what was happening with your financial transaction? Did you get the right amount of bills and the correct change back? Did the bank employee pay the right bill? You were somewhat engaged and distracted, so you were not really keeping track of everything going on there. You hope that everything was done properly and accurately!

In today’s world, you would hope that things like going to the store, eating out or going to the bank would be easy, uncomplicated and pretty straightforward and that things would be done right? You trust that the people taking care of you in these places would be efficient, trustworthy, accurate and honest?

Well, one would hope for that to be true in a perfect world, but I have news for you my friends…it isn’t!

I pay closer attention now than ever before after having had too many bad experiences in the last several years when it comes to MY money!

And if you have not been paying attention, perhaps it is time that you did!

My new rule is….pay attention when it comes to all financial transactions wherever I go…after all, it is MY money!

This rule  applies to any place  where I may be travelling to!  When dealing with people and money, errors can and WILL happen !   Mistakes happen anywhere in the world….some places more so than others!

Never be ashamed to stand right there and count your change. Whether you are grabbing a coffee at your local coffee joint,  buying a burger at the drive through, cashing a cheque at the bank, or paying for things at the grocery store, big or small, errors are being made daily, mistakes are happening and YOU, the customer are the victim of these errors. And while travelling, it is no different. Sometimes you are being shortchanged and most often, you do not even notice it!

By not paying attention, you could be losing out on some “spare change”, or worse, some serious cash!!

It might be an oversight and  it may be an honest mistake, but it is up to you to pay close attention to your transactions, your orders, your bills, receipts and purchases …..and YOUR CHANGE.

 Unfortunately, thinking that everyone has your best interest in mind is not always the case!

When dealing with any kind of financial transactions anywhere and with people, there is room for HUMAN error.  Errors happen for many reasons….tellers have bad days and are distracted, cashiers have sleepless nights and are tired, waitresses or waiters are not trained properly and  places are short staffed. Mistakes happen, some honestly and some on purpose!

 The reality is that the person you thought you could trust may be dipping into the cash register to feed a gambling problem or an addiction of some sort!

You count your change at the store and realize you have been shorted anything from a few cents to a few dollars, what to do? Your bill at the restaurant is incorrect and you are being overcharged , 3 meals instead of 2 and there are a few extra drinks on the bill that you did not drink! Now what?

It is important to check your bill /receipt when you are standing with the cashier or salesperson at a store, or the bank or before paying at a restaurant.  Count your change right then and there before you leave!

No matter how much of a hurry she or he is in or how long the lineup is behind you….count your change right then and there! Make sure your transaction is correct. Even if the error is a small amount…perhaps a nickel, a peso, a centavo or any amount, you need to ask for your  correct change right then before you leave! Insist on it!

Did you know that a cashier that serves 100 customers a day who shortchanges each customer a few cents or a few dollars a day can earn an extra salary in one year just from these small “errors”? Those extra coins make it into their pocket, and out of yours!

Check your receipts and bank statements when you get them! Check your credit card bills when they come in the mail and cross reference them to your receipts.

More importantly, always pay attention when you are conducting ANY cash transaction!   Whether you are in Edmonton, Rome or any place in between, paying your bills or making any kind of financial transactions, pay attention, stay alert and count your change! You will be surprised with your “windfalls”.

It’s your money!


John and Doreen Berg are not your normal hikers. Not only do they spearhead the clearing of the trails heading south out of Los Ayala, and take countless numbers of hikers on reconnaissance runs, but they also have a very informative blog of their own.

Click on its cover to read for yourself.

Obtaining a Mexican resident card is not a simple one day task; rather, it is a multi-step process that begins at a Mexican Consulate in your home country and ends (sometimes months later) when you finally pick up your resident card at an immigration office in Mexico.

Once you finally get your resident card (temporary or permanent), life in Mexico gets much easier. You can open a bank account, register a car, and obtain government services and that are not available to non-residents (e.g. INAPAM discount card). In other words, life is good.

But then one day it happens — you make a simple mistake and the resident card that you worked so hard to obtain is suddenly cancelled.

The worst part is that the only way to get it back is to leave Mexico and start the process all over again from scratch.

The Mistake

The fastest way to lose your resident card is to enter Mexico under as a tourist because Mexican immigration law prohibits a person from holding two immigration classifications simultaneously (Artículo 61 de La Ley de Migración).

Immigration (known as INM for short) rectifies the situation by cancelling the first one (i.e. your resident card).

Normally, this is only a problem for people who are entering or leaving Mexico by air because all non-citizens are required to complete an immigration form called an FMM (Forma Migratoria Múltiple). If this paperwork is completed incorrectly, it can result in the resident being incorrectly classified as a tourist.

If you’re entering or leaving by land with a resident card, no one will ask you for this form.

The Procedure You Should Follow

Before leaving the country by air, report to INM with your resident card and passport in hand. There should be an INM desk or kiosk near the ticket counter (international airports):

1. Pick up an FMM (Forma Migratoria Múltiple) 

This is actually the same form that you would use if you were coming into the country as a tourist, but this time, you’ll be submitting the sections in the reverse order.

2. Fill out boxes 1-8 of Section One and 1-10 of Section Two

Section One is for your return to Mexico and Section Two is for your departure.

That means that your departing flight information will be in Section Two only. You don’t have to worry about filling in the flight information in Section One — at least for now.

3. Present the completed form along with your passport and resident card to the INM agent

He or she will process it and write either temporary or permanent resident on the top of Sections One and Two (in the white margin). If they don’t write it in, I recommend you do it yourself.

The agent will hand you back both sections of the form. Give Section Two to the airline representative when they ask for it. This is normally done at the ticket counter.

4. Store Section One in a safe place 

Seriously, don’t lose it. You’re going to need it in the future.

5. Upon returning to Mexico, complete the remaining boxes on the form (Section One) and give it to INM

Piece of cake!

Let’s Wrap This Up

If you fly in and out of Mexico on a regular basis, it pays to pick up a stack of these forms and fill them out ahead of time.

Tips from a Professional

1. If you get to the airport and you realize that you’ve forgotten your resident card at home, cancel or reschedule the flight and go get it. Of course this only applies to international flights, not domestic.

2. If you lose your resident card while abroad, go to a Mexican Consulate for assistance.

3. If you arrive in Mexico and you cannot find your card, tell the INM agent what happened and request a “regularización de situación migratoria”. Do not enter as a tourist!

If you enter as a tourist and INM cancels your resident card, you only have two choices:

1. Return to your country of origin and start the process over at a Mexican Consulate.

2. Stay in Mexico and apply for a new visa as a financial dependent of a family member who has a resident card (e.g. spouse).

Trade talks heat up over jalapeño chiles

Mexican chile growers want to prevent other countries from using the names jalapeño and chipotle, just as the tequila producers do. The term Mariachi music is another tradition that deserves its singularity with Mexico

Mexican producers of chile peppers want protection for fresh jalapeño chiles and those that undergo smoking, known as chipotles, (from the Náhuatl word for smoked chile).

“Turkish and Asian chiles are entering Europe, chiles that have lower quality than ours and that ride the coattails of the popularity of Mexican cuisine,” said the chairman of the National Chamber of the Processed Foods Industry (Canainca).

Chiles from Turkey are sold with a label showing a jalapeño pepper wearing a Mexican hat, explained Jesús Murillo González, but do not state the country of origin. “They’re not saying it’s from here, but they’re riding the coattails of Mexico’s prestige.”

If the protection is granted, only Mexican-grown jalapeños and chipotles processed in Mexico will be able use those names.

Murillo explained that the defense of Mexican chiles focuses on jalapeños and chipotles because they’re the two kinds with the highest market impact.

Mexican chiles represent a market of just over 7 billion pesos (US $376 million) annually, most of them being either fresh jalapeños or processed chipotles.

Trade talks will continue on February 5 in Brussels, Belgium.

Mexican exports to the European Union are about $19 billion pesos, a fraction of trade with the United States, which is estimated to have been $302 billion pesos last year but has been under threat from protectionism in the U.S.

Thank you to Mexico Daily News for this article.

Exchange Rates and Capital Gains on Your Mexican Home

With the shifts in the currency exchange rate between the US dollar and the Mexican peso, one of the ‘hidden’ costs of selling your Mexican home might lay in the US dollar amount used to calculate the property’s value.

In many towns and cities across Mexico, house prices are quoted in Mexican pesos when they are offered to the market for sale. However, in a few places — and most notably in Los Cabos, Puerto Vallarta, San Miguel de Allende, Ajijic/Chapala, and Cancun/Riviera Maya — home prices can be seen quoted in US dollars.

Even though the sales transaction may be marketed (and agreed between the parties) in dollars, the amount to pay will be calculated in Mexican pesos and the title deed will show that amount at the exchange rate prevalent on the date of the closing. When you sell the property, any capital gains are calculated only in Mexican pesos and therefore shifts in the exchange rate can influence your tax liability.

The best way to understand the ‘exchange rate effect’ is through an example.

Suppose you agreed to purchase a home in Mexico for a peso-equivalent value of US$500,000 dollars years ago, when there were $10 pesos to the dollar.  Your title deed shows a sale value of $5 million pesos.  If you agree to sell the home today for the same US$500,000 dollars (with nearly 20 Mexican pesos to the US dollar), the peso value sales equivalent is close to $10 million – an effective $5 million pesos ‘capital gain’ on the property.  So in this situation, even though you have realized zero gain in US dollar terms, you have realized a capital gain in Mexican peso terms, and you’re liable to pay capital gains tax on that peso gain when you sell.

If your home’s market value has doubled over that time, and you agree to sell for one million dollars, your sale price would be calculated at about $20 million pesos with a capital gain of around $15 million pesos.  In this situation, your gain in US dollar terms is US$500,000 (10 million pesos, at $20 pesos to US$1) but your capital gain is calculated in pesos, on around $15 million pesos —US$750,000— which means your capital gain is calculated on a sum that’s about 50% higher than your capital gain in US dollar terms.

If you’re resident in Mexico and have a tax ID here, you may be able to avail yourself of some worthwhile tax exemptions and deductions that may reduce or eliminate any capital gain tax liabilities, but you cannot avoid the effect of the ‘capital gain’ expressed in pesos brought about through the exchange rate effect when the sales value was based in US dollars.

Keep this in mind when you are ready to sell if you purchased a home in Mexico negotiated using a US dollar value, because your tax liabilities are always calculated in Mexican pesos, not dollars.

Thank you to Mexperience for this article.

Capital Gains Tax on the Sale of Homes in Mexico

If you are selling your home in Mexico it is of the utmost importance to know, before you sign an agreement or offer to sell, how much you are going to pay in Capital Gains Tax (ISR) because this amount is going to be deducted from the price of sale. Before signing a private sales contact or offer, make sure you have a WRITTEN calculation of the Capital Gains Tax from your tax consultant or your notary. Make sure you review the calculation and confirm with your consultant that there are no other ways to reduce the amount of Capital Gains Tax. In many cases, we have seen that with good tax consultant and a little knowledge of how the Capital Gains Tax is calculated (and a little pressure) the amount of tax can be significantly reduced.

Do not wait until the closing day to review the calculation of the Capital Gains Tax with the Notary because it will probably be to provide information to make changes and because in the agreement/offer that you already signed you already agreed to use the notary to handle the closing (and for this, the notary tax calculation). From the moment that you agree to put your home up for sale, you should be very clear how much of your asking price is going to be going to pay the Capital Gains Tax and the options you have to reduce this tax to the minimum legal amount.

This article is a summary of how Capital Gains Tax is calculated on the sale of a home if you are:

  1. A Mexican tax resident, or
  2. A Foreign Tax Resident (person or entity)

We hope this article is of use to you and helps you better understand how Capital Gains Tax on the sale of a home is calculated, as well as the options that are at your disposal to reduce this tax to the minimum legally allowed.

First, to understand why Capital Gains Tax is different for a Mexican tax resident and a foreigner (foreign tax resident), as well as to understand what the Mexican tax authority understands as a “sale”, we must go over some definitions:

“Sale”: For tax purposes, the sale of a property occurs when:


  • A transfer of ownership, even when the selling party hold back delivery of title.
  • A transfer of beneficial trust rights when the property is held in trust.

“Fiscal Residence”: You are considered a tax resident in Mexico when you set up your home in Mexico. However, when you have a home in another country, you´re considered a tax resident in Mexico if Mexico is where your “center of vital interests” is.


“Center of vital interests”: You are considered to have your “center of vital interests” in Mexico when more than 50% of your total income comes from Mexico, or when you have established Mexico as your “main center of professional activities”.

You are not considered to have a fiscal residence in Mexico when you only temporarily use a home for tourist purposes and your “center of vital interest” is not in Mexico.

Sale of a home by a Mexican Tax Resident

How is the Capital Gains Tax calculated?

The formula is: Income – Cost – Deductions = Capital Gains

a) Income. – The income is the amount of the sale. If a value is not given, an authorized tax appraiser will determine the amount.

b) Cost. – The cost of the home is the cost properly documented purchase, adjusted for inflation and. The cost of construction includes any properly documented improvements. Notes and Special Rules of construction cost includes:

    • When your deed of purchase (escritura) does not mention the value of the construction, you can use 80% of the value of the deed or the proportion used in the appraisal that was given at the time of purchase.
    • Construction costs depreciated 3% annually and cannot be 20% below the initial cost. The resulting cost will be adjusted for inflation.
    • Improvements in the property will be subject to the same depreciation rules as set above and must have the proper supporting documents (facturas).
    • Maintenance is not a deductible cost.
    • If for some reason the seller cannot verify the cost of construction or improvements made after the purchase, the seller can use 80% of the value of an appraisal of such improvements provided that such appraisal is properly registered and allowed by the notary. The registry of this appraisal must conform to municipal registry requirements.
    • Your Cost is always calculated in “pesos” per Mexican law. Even though many properties in Mexico are listed with dollars sales values, all calculation of taxes are based on the conversion of dollars into pesos. Recently this has had some major impacts on what a seller “thinks” his cost is and what it really is. The follow example will shed clarification on this:

Bob purchased a condo for $ 300,000 dollars in June of 2006. At that time the peso was at 11 to the dollar and therefore Bob’s deed shows a purchase value of $ 3,300,000 pesos ($ 300,000 dollars x 11). This was at the height of the real estate market in most tourist destinations and Bob paid top dollar for his condo. Bob has enjoyed his condo for many years but now wants to sell it and just recuperate his initial investment, so he signs an agreement to sell it for $ 300,000 dollars thinking that “I will not have to pay tax because there is no gain”. Unfortunately for Bob, the peso today is at 20 and a $ 300,000 dollars sales value is now equal to $ 6,000,000 pesos. Without figuring in inflation, Bob is now showing a capital gain of $ 2,700,000 pesos ($ 6,000,000 pesos sales price less $ 3,300,000 purchase price) and is being asked to pay a capital gain tax of 35% or $ 945,000 pesos ($ 47,250 dollars). Since Bob cannot close this deal unless the notary withholds this amount, he ends up selling for a significant loss. If Bob would have known before he signed a sales agreement that this was the capital gain he was looking at having to pay, he probably would have adjusted his price up to compensate for the tax withholding.

There are some other rules that apply to determine the cost of construction and we recommend that you check with a consultant on which may apply to your case.

a) Deductions.- Deductions include:


  • Expenses and fees of the notary paid for the purchase and sale.
  • Local tax on sale of property, paid by the seller.
  • Payments made on the appraisal of the property.
  • Commissions paid on the purchase or sale of the property.

The above deductions must have the appropriate supporting documentation (factura) and should be adjusted for inflation.


a)Capital Gains.- Once you have subtracted the Costs and Deductions from the Income, you will have what is considered as your Capital Gain. Over that amount you will apply a tax rate of between m 1.92% to 35% depending on the amount of the Capital Gain. As a general rule, 35% begins to apply to amount of Capital Gain above $ 250,000 pesos (About $ 13,000 dollars), so as a rule of thumb just use 35%.

As mentioned above, on the sale of a home by a Mexican Tax Resident (physical person), as well as for Foreign Tax Residents, the notary public that handles the sale is responsible for calculating and withholding this tax. Before you agree to use a notary for a sale, make sure you know what he or she will be withholding, and make sure that you have check that calculation with a tax advisor.

Exemptions on Capital Gains Tax on the sale of a home given to Mexican Tax Residents (Not Foreign Tax Residents)

Physical persons that are Mexican Tax Residents can exempt the first 700,000 thousand “UDIS” (in October 2016 amounts to approximately $190,000 dollars) of the Capital Gain on the sale. To understand how this is calculated, take a look at the following example:

Case 1: When the amount of the sale does not exceed 700,000 “UDIS” (approximately $190,000 dollars for October 2016), the sale is fully exempt from Capital Gains Tax.

Case 2: If the sale exceeds the above amount, you must pay tax on the amount exceeding that amount ($ 190,000), determining deductions “in proportion to the amount obtained by dividing the excess of the total amount of the sale.” How? Here is an example:

For purposes of simplifying, the calculations are made taking the US dollar currency, but it is desirable to emphasize that all calculations will be made in pesos.

Original purchase price: $300,000 USD

Sale price: $1,000,000 USD

Capital Gain. Which is equal to $810.000USD as a result of reducing the allowable exempt income of $190,000USD ($1,000,000USD less $ 190,000 USD). In this case, 81% of your income will be taxed ($810.000USD between $1,000,000USD). For your acquisition, you can apply for the cost $243,000USD or 81% of your purchase price ($300,000USD).

Gain of capital.- At $810,000 (Capital Gain) is subtracted $243,000USD (cost) is giving a profit of $567,000USD for an amount on which the tax will be calculated.

Exemptions notes:

  • The exemptions contained herein only can be used once every 3 years.
  • Another important consideration is that the Mexican Tax Resident must report the sale on his or her annual tax return even though no tax is paid; otherwise the partial or total exemption of income would be lost, with the inevitable consequence of having to pay an additional tax.
  • In addition, you should consider the notaries/commercial notary must issues digital tax receipt (CFDI) which serves as the proper document to prove the purchase price paid (cost) so that it can be deducted from a future sale. The deed alone now is not enough to prove your cost basis in the property and you must have a CDFI on any purchase after December 31st, 2013.
  • To prove “tax residence” you must provide the Public Notary with any of the following documents:
  1. Voter Identification (INE)
  2.  Electrical or phone receipt.
  3. Bank statement of any recognized bank or an investment fund.

Note: The documentation must be in the name of the taxpayer, spouse, mother, father or child of taxpayer.

Sale of a Home in Mexico by a Foreign Tax Resident

If you are not a Tax Resident in Mexico and you are selling your home in Mexico, you have 2 options for the Capital Gains Tax, these being:

Option 1  General rule: You can pay 25% of the total amount of the sale (without subtracting from the Income any Costs or Deducitons). We have seen 1 case in the last 20 years where someone opted to do this, so it is not really used; or

Option 2. Apply 35% to the Capital Gain, using the same formal we saw for the Mexican Tax Resident above; this being Income – Cost – Deductions = Capital Gain.

It is worth noting:

  1. Foreign Tax Residents cannot apply for the benefit of the exemption rules.
  2. Option 2 only applies when: a) The seller has a legal representative in Mexico, or b) the transaction is formalized through a public deed (before a notary).
  3. The requirement also applies for the notaries to give a digital tax receipt (CFDI), which will serve as an appropriate document to prove what the purchase cost was when it comes time to sell.

Impact of not having a CFDI for the buyer

Buyers that have purchased property after December 31st 2013 must not only have the deed to prove what the Cost of their property was, they now also must have the CDFI that shows such costs. If you have bought property after December 31st, 2013 and do not have the CDFI to prove what you paid for it, the notary handling the sale will be able to deduct your purchase price (Cost) from the sales income, which will dramatically increase the Capital Gains Tax you will pay at the time of sale. The bottom line is if you buy property the closing documents must include the CDFI that properly states the value of your purchase.

If you are a Foreign Tax Resident and do not have a tax ID in Mexico (called an “RFC”), which is required to generate a CDFI, the notary can create what is called a “generic RFC” for you. Please note that some notaries do not agree on this point and will not generate a CDFI for a Foreign Tax Residents that does not have an RFC (which can take months to get some times). If the notary does not agree with issuing a CDFI to Foreign Tax Resident with a “generic RFC”, we suggest that you look at finding one that will.

Before you commit to selling your home by signing an agreement or offer, make sure you know what you are going to be paying in Capital Gains Tax. Also make sure you that the notary you will be using to close the sale has given you a tax calculation and that you have revised the tax calculation before agreeing to use the notary to withhold the Capital Gain amount from your sales price.

A big thank you to MLS Vallarta for this article.

Monarch Butterflies in Mexico

Every autumn, one of the most spectacular natural phenomena can be observed in the forested mountains west of Mexico City: wintering Monarch Butterflies.

Learn about these marvelous insects, their 3,000 mile journey from the U.S. and Canada, and how you can experience and be witness to the presence of the wintering Monarch at one of the protected butterfly sanctuaries. If you are traveling in Mexico between November and March, this is one of the most rewarding outdoor experiences you will encounter.

The Monarch Butterfly

The Monarch Butterfly, in Latin known as Danaus Plexippus, is native to the North American tropics. An adult wingspan will reach about 4.5 inches (11 centimeters) and weight one gram or less.

Milkweed plants provide an essential food source for their caterpillars. The milkweed contains a chemical that is toxic to many species, but which Monarchs can, uniquely, assimilate and store in the cells of its outer skin. This in turn provides the butterfly with a powerful defense ‘shield’ against potential predators and thus assists the insects in their 3,000 mile journey south, to winter in the mountains west of Mexico City.

Adult Monarchs live only for 3-4 weeks. However, one of the mysteries of these insects is their capability to breed what has been termed by scientists as a ‘Methuselah’ generation. This is a very special generation of butterfly, born once a year near the end of the summer months. These butterflies can live up to 9 months and this generation will not breed in the north: instead, the butterflies store up nectar from flowers and use this as fuel to enables them to migrate south for the winter.

The Monarch Winter Migration

Migrating Monarch butterflies travel in colonies of about 20 million insects and will travel between 80-120 nautical miles per day, depending on the wind and other weather conditions. The butterflies take advantage of ascending warm-air currents, gliding in the thrust they provide, needing only to flap their wings when the air current diminishes a little or when they change their flight path. This technique uses their energy efficiently, and physically enables them to undertake the long journey.

The butterflies travel only by day and will roost overnight, usually on the branches and trunks of trees.

By around mid November each year, the Monarch butterflies will begin arriving in Mexico. They settle in the Oyamel fir tree forests which are situated in the eastern perimeter of the Mexican state of Michoacan, also bordering the state of Mexico, in the forested mountains west of Mexico City.

Once here, the butterflies cluster on the tree trunks and remain in the area for the winter. As the sun heats the day, some of the butterflies will flutter in the forests and return to the tree trunks when the air cools.  The best time to see the butterflies is between late January and the end of March: before late January, the air temperature is cooler and the butterflies don’t flutter as much

Make your next travel experience in Mexico something special

The Monarch’s Reproduction & Journey Back North

In February, when the temperatures begin to rise, the Monarchs begin their mating rituals. The females will lay over 400 eggs each on the fine leaves of the asclepias and afterwards gather nectar from the flowers, the fuel source that provides the energy for them to make the journey back north.

By mid March, the same Methuselah generation of butterflies that arrived here in November will begin fluttering in a bid to catch the spring time’s ascending air currents which will propel them on their journey back across the border to the United States and Canada.

Their short-life progeny, which begin life in the mountains of Mexico, will also begin the return journey back to the United States and Canada, in a staged relay covering several generations of butterflies.

The ‘great-great grandprogegy’ of this year’s Methuselah generation will return to Mexico; and although they themselves have never flown south before, they will instinctively know where to fly as it’s believed that their sense of direction is passed on to them genetically from their ancestors. Latest research also suggests that the butterflies possess an “inner clock” which enables them navigate by means of the sun’s position in the sky.

This remarkable life cycle is manifested by an insect that weighs less than a gram, but who’s ‘pollinating agent’ work plays an enormously important role in our planet’s eco system.

Monarch Sanctuaries in Mexico

The butterflies begin arriving from mid November each year. January and February are the most popular months for visits, as it’s during this time that the butterfly population is at its peak.

The sanctuaries are open to the public between 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. seven days a week. Weekends are considerably busier that week days, especially in January and February.

You can visit one of the sanctuaries independently or you can go as part of an organized Monarch Butterflies Tour. Most guided tours visit the El Rosario or Sierra Chincua reserves.

The Mexican government has set up a number of protected sanctuaries within a biosphere reserve to ensure that the important habitats required by the Monarch Butterflies are protected and preserved, while still allowing visitors to witness these remarkable insects and enjoy some of Mexico’s most breath-taking landscapes.

The Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve covers an area of over 560 square kilometers (350 square miles) and has been recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site since 2008.


Monarch Butterfly Sanctuaries:

There are four sanctuaries open to the public, two in the state of Michoacan and two others in the state of Mexico. The biosphere is on the eastern edge of the state of Michoacan and crosses into the state of Mexico. The two most frequented sanctuaries are:

El Rosario – Near the town of Ocampo in the state of Michoacan

Sierra Chincua – Near the town of Angangueo in the state of Michoacan

Getting to the Monarch Butterfly Sanctuaries

If you are traveling independently, you can either take a bus or rent a car and drive to the area. Although the Monarch tours are most often marketed as day tours from the colonial city of Morelia or Mexico City, the biosphere is about equidistant between these two cities, making the experience a very long day-trip with a steep hike thrown in for good measure. We recommend an overnight stay at Angangueo if you want to experience the area and the butterflies in the best possible way. See “Accommodation” in the practical information below, for more details.

Getting to El Rosario Reserve

If you are traveling by bus from Mexico City, go the eastern bus terminal (known as Observatorio) and buy tickets on a direct bus to Angangueo, a four hour trip. There are frequent buses from Morelia to Zitacuaro, the third largest city in the state of Michoacan; the journey takes about three hours. From Zitacuaro you can board a local bus north to the town of Ocampo, or take a cab for a fare of approx US$18. From Angangueo, you can take a local bus or a taxi ride (fare approx US$10) southwards, to reach the trail head of El Rosario.

Getting to Sierra Chincua Reserve

This reserve is situated about five miles north from Angangueo (see above), but the trail head is higher and it’s a less strenuous climb up the mountain. To get here take a local bus signed to Tlalpujahua, or jump in a cab to get taken to the trail head; the fare is around US$10 each way.

Make your next travel experience in Mexico something special

Practical Information

Whether you travel independently or as part of an organized tour, you will find this practical information valuable to make good preparations for your visit.

When to Go

Depending on the climate and weather conditions, the butterflies may start arriving at the biosphere as early as late October or as late as the third week in November. The best months to visit are late January thru March, which is when the butterfly population reaches its peak, the air temperatures on the mountain are warmer and the thus the butterflies are more active. However, these are also the busiest months, so if your schedule allows, we recommend you visit on a week-day and avoid the (crowded) weekends.

Weather and Temperature Influences

Monarch Butterflies like and need warm weather, which is why they migrate south. On colder days when cloud and/or rain are present or on days when a cold front has come to pass in the biosphere region (these happen on occasion every year and last from a couple of days to a week) the butterflies will be less active. Keep your eye on the weather reports; if your plans are flexible, try and choose a couple of days when the weather will be warmer, for the best experience. How far up the mountain you have to climb also depends upon the time of year. During the coldest months, (November – January) you will need to hike higher to see the butterflies; as the weather warms up, the butterflies move down the mountain.

Local Accommodation

Day tours are marketed to the butterfly sanctuaries from Mexico City and Morelia; however, they make for very long day trips and with the hike at high altitude can be wearing and make the experience less pleasant. If you are traveling independently, we recommend you take the time to stay in the area, get a good night’s rest a small few miles from the trail head, take a hearty breakfast, and experience the butterflies that way. Experienced Tour Operators will include an overnight stay in Angangueo as part of their itinerary. The hotels in Angangueo cannot be easily booked on online; if you don’t visit by means of a an organized tour, local hotel names to consider for accommodation include Hotel Don Bruno, Plaza Don Gabino, Cabañas Margarita.

Your Physical Fitness

The bus, car or taxi can lead you to a trail head, but it’s uphill on foot from there. Horseback rides are available from Chincua, see below for more details. The trails up the mountain are narrow and steep and you will need to be physically fit to make the journey.


The hike can lead you above 3,000 meters (nearly 10,000 feet) above sea level: the air is thin and altitude sickness can affect you. Be sure to take water; vendors sell bottled water at the trail head if you forgot to bring your own. Climb slowly, taking regular breaks–and pace yourself. If you ascend too quickly at this altitude, you could easily feint.

Dress for the Occasion

The micro climate on the mountain means that it can be quite cool or quite warm, depending on the day. You may feel cold at the trail head, but quite hot after climbing for an hour. Dress in layers, allowing your body to warm-up or cool-down as required. Also, take a good pair of hiking shoes or boots; footwear that supports your ankles is bestFlat soft shoes, sandals, and flip-flops are completely inappropriate.

Afternoon Walking

On warmer afternoons, the butterflies fly low to settled at ground level, seeking the cooler air and moisture. Inevitably, some butterflies get crushed by visiting walkers… watch your step and try to be as gentle as possible on your feet.

Keep to the Trails

You must keep to the trails inside the reserve areas—this minimizes the impact of walkers and visitors on the butterflies. Hiking off the trails is prohibited anywhere inside the biosphere.

Horseback Rides

If you are not up to physical challenge of climbing at this altitude, you may like to consider doing the trail on horseback. El Rosario does not have a horse path, but Sierra Chincua does. Horses can only go so far up the mountain; when the intensity of the butterflies increases, you will need to dismount and complete the journey on foot, so some physical exercise will be involved.

Thank you Mexperience.

México has just recently introduced a new “Frequent Traveler Program for Pets” called Programa Mascota Viajero Frecuente.  The aim of the program is to speed up the entry process into México for frequent visitors with pets. For now, it appears as though that only dogs and cats are eligible for the program and it is only for air travel to a select number of airports (see below).


When your pets are registered in the program, you will be issued an official document (called “Registro de Ingreso”) by SENASICA which contains all the pertinent data about your pets, i.e., personal info, vaccination records, etc. Additionally, the document certifies your pet’s health every time you enter the country.

As a reminder, the Mexican government agency tasked with overseeing the importation of pets and other animals is el Servicio Nacional de Sanidad, Inocuidad Calidad Agroalimentaria (SENASICA) which falls under the Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación (SAGARPA). It’s often hyphenated as SAGARPA-SENASICA.


  • During a period of 6 months, you will no longer have to present a new health certificate with each entry since the SENASICA staff will verify your Registro de Ingreso and ensure the rabies vaccination and treatment of endoparasites and ectoparasites are still in effect.
  • Minimize vaccinations and treatments of your pets.
  • Decrease your waiting time upon entry into the country.
  • It will not be necessary to register any new data into SENASICA’s computer systems since this information will already exist in their system.
  • You will not have to wait until the Import Certificate is prepared since it will be sent electronically to your e-mail


At the current time, the Registro de Ingreso document is only being issued at the following Oficinas de Inspección de Sanidad Agropecuaria (OISA) locations:

  • Cancun airport (CUN)
  • Guadalajara airport (GDL)
  • Queretaro airport (QRO)
  • Zihuatanejo airport (ZIH)
  • Toluca airport (TLC)
  • Mazatlan airport (MZT)
  • Ciudad de México airport (AICM) – Terminals 1 & 2
  • SENASICA’s central offices in Ciudad de México


1) Fill out an application.

2) Attach your health certificate issued by a veterinarian authorized by SENASICA.

3) Have a record of your current rabies vaccination.

4) Have record of your treatment against ectoparasites and endoparasites (less than 6 months).

For more information, you can go in-person to one of the above mentioned locations or you can call 59051000 ext. 53611, 54326 and 51020, (0155) 43130154; 43130155 and 43130152


By having the Registro de Ingreso document, you can enter the country as frequently as you want with your pets for a period of 6 months as long as all the vaccinations & treatments are still in effect and your pets are healthy


The program is free of charge.


Given the relative newness of this program, information available online at is very scarce. As information continues to become available, we will update this post with any new pertinent information.

A 1,000-year-old stone structure in Mexico may represent how some people in ancient Mesoamerica believed the Earth was created, an archaeologist suggests.

Located on the foothills of a volcano in the middle of a pond, the “Tetzacualco” (a name that can mean “stone enclosure”) has been known to explorers since the 16th century. Since that time, both amateur explorers and professional archaeologists have investigated the structure, putting forth a variety of ideas as to what the structure was used for and when it was built. Made of numerous stones, it’s about 37.7 x 32.2 feet (11.5 x 9.8 meters).

A new series of excavations, led by Iris del Rocío Hernández Bautista, an archaeologist with Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History, or Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), aims to be the most intensive investigation of the Tetzacualco ever conducted.

In preliminary findings, Hernández Bautista’s team announced in a statement that at the site, they discovered pottery and stone artifacts that date back over 1,000 years. The team also found evidence that ancient Mesoamericans tried to irrigate the pond where the Tetzacualco resides, making sure it never ran out of water, even when there was little rain.

The stone structure called Tetzacualco is located within a pond (bottom of image) on the foothills of a volcano in Mexico.

Credit: Isaac Go?mez, courtesy Proyecto Arqueolo?gico Nahualac, SAS-INAH

Given what the archaeologists have found so far, Hernández Bautista hypothesizes that the Tetzacualco’s large size and location in the middle of a pond mean that the structure is an attempt to represent a mythical creature known as Cipactli or Çipaqli, a fish monster from which the gods created the Earth, according to some ancient Mesoamerican legends.

One version of the legend was recorded in the 16th century by a Spanish priest named Andrés de Olmos and claims that four gods “made the water and created in it a great fish similar to an alligator which they named Çipaqli, and from this fish they made the Earth” (translation by Henry Phillips Jr.).

Though some media outlets reported that the Tetzacualco was constructed by the Aztecs (a Mesoamerican culture that flourished between 1300 and 1500), the artifacts that the archaeologists recovered indicate that the structure was created at least three centuries before the Aztecs by an even earlier Mesoamerican culture whose identity is not yet clear, according to the statement from the research team.

So far the team has uncovered pottery, stone artifacts and organic remains that date back over 1,000 years.

Nor is it clear how long the Tetzacualco was used or what kind of ceremonies took place there. During the 16th century, Juan Bautista Pomar, a writer in Mexico who was of mixed Spanish and Native Mesoamerican descent, claimed that the Tetzacualco was in use up until that century and that children were sometimes sacrificed there.

Bautista Pomar claimed that the Tetzacualco had a statue that depicted Tlaloc, a Mesoamerican god of rain, that “has its face towards the east,” and that those in charge of the Tetzacualco “made sacrifices of innocent children to him [the idol depicting Tlaloc] once a year.” (Pomar’s statement was translated by Leon García Garagarza in the book “Mesoamerican Memory: Enduring Systems of Remembrance” (University of Oklahoma Press, 2012), by Amos Megged and Stephanie Wood.

So far, the INAH team has not found any humans remains at the Tetzacualco, although excavations are in progress.

This story was reproduced from a article at Live Science.

Within five years as many as 15 million people – an estimated 80% of the population – were wiped out in an epidemic the locals named “cocoliztli”. The word means pestilence in the Aztec Nahuatl language. Its cause, however, has been questioned for nearly 500 years.

On Monday scientists swept aside smallpox, measles, mumps, and influenza as likely suspects, identifying a typhoid-like “enteric fever” for which they found DNA evidence on the teeth of long-dead victims.

“The 1545-50 cocoliztli was one of many epidemics to affect Mexico after the arrival of Europeans, but was specifically the second of three epidemics that were most devastating and led to the largest number of human losses,” said Åshild Vågene of the University of Tuebingen in Germany.

“The cause of this epidemic has been debated for over a century by historians and now we are able to provide direct evidence through the use of ancient DNA to contribute to a longstanding historical question.”

Vagene co-authored a study published in the science journal Nature Ecology and Evolution.

The outbreak is considered one of the deadliest epidemics in human history, approaching the Black Death bubonic plague that killed 25 million people in western Europe in the 14th century – about half the regional population.

European colonisers spread disease as they ventured into the new world, bringing germs local populations had never encountered and lacked immunity against.

The 1545 cocoliztli pestilence in what is today Mexico and part of Guatemala came just two decades after a smallpox epidemic killed an estimated 5-8 million people in the immediate wake of the Spanish arrival.

A second outbreak from 1576 to 1578 killed half the remaining population.

“In the cities and large towns, big ditches were dug, and from morning to sunset the priests did nothing else but carry the dead bodies and throw them into the ditches,” is how Franciscan historian Fray Juan de Torquemada is cited as chronicling the period.

Even at the time, physicians said the symptoms did not match those of better-known diseases such as measles and malaria.

Scientists now say they have probably unmasked the culprit. Analysing DNA extracted from 29 skeletons buried in a cocoliztli cemetery, they found traces of the salmonella enterica bacterium, of the Paratyphi C variety.

It is known to cause enteric fever, of which typhoid is an example. The Mexican subtype rarely causes human infection today.

Many salmonella strains spread via infected food or water, and may have travelled to Mexico with domesticated animals brought by the Spanish, the research team said.

Salmonella enterica is known to have been present in Europe in the middle ages.

“We tested for all bacterial pathogens and DNA viruses for which genomic data is available,” and salmonella enterica was the only germ detected, said co-author Alexander Herbig, also from Tuebingen University.

It is possible, however, that some pathogens were either undetectable or completely unknown.“We cannot say with certainty that S enterica was the cause of the cocoliztli epidemic,” said team member Kirsten Bos. “We do believe that it should be considered a strong candidate.”

SO, now you know!!

This area, that just earned the designation of a national park, and is already being referred to as the Galpagos of North America, and consists of over 57,000 square miles (148,000 square km).

All fishing will be prohibited as well as construction of any hotels on any of the four islands included in the area. This protection will be enforced by the Environment Ministry and the Navy. The creation of the marine park is expected to help recover fish populations hit hard by commercial fishing and was praised by the World Wildlife Fund and British billionaire Richard Branson.

This are is already home to hundreds of species of animals and plants, including rays, humpback whales, sea turtles, lizards and migratory birds, as well as the breeding grounds for commercially fished species such as tuna and sierra.

When looking for this area on a map, it is located in the Pacific Ocean and due west of Colima.

Additional information can be found here, courtesy of PVDN.

Pitahaya (Dragon Fruit)

Pitahaya is a fist-sized flaming pink or green fruit that grows on a cactus native to the Sonoran desert in Mexico.

A ripe pitahaya has a strong flavor and a kiwi-like texture. In Mexico I’ve always seen some that are white inside, but in Guatemala they can be purple and much stronger.

Unfortunately pitahaya is sometimes a little bland, in sharp contrast to its wild exterior. If you get a bland one, don’t despair. When you get a strong, good one, you’ll know it. Keep looking.

They are easy to eat. Just cut it in half and spoon out the fruit.


Papausa is similar to the guanabana (soursop), both in texture and flavor, but it is a different fruit and harder to find. It is the size of a small melon with a greenish-purple, tough looking skin that begins to crack open when it’s ripe.

Papausa grows on a tree native to Central America and southern Mexico — you will find it in the markets of Chiapas in August.

Under the lumpy, cracked exterior is a sweet, ice-cream-like fruit that surrounds smooth black seeds. And you’ll never know until you open it if you have a pink or white one — each has a different flavor.


Rambutans are the size of a golf ball and are easy to spot because they are covered with long red “hairs.” They keep a long time because of a thick skin, and even when the skin begins to turn black, the fruit inside is probably still good.

It’s easy to eat: pierce the skin with a thumbnail and pull the skin apart. Pop the whole fruit in your mouth and eat around the seed. Delicious.

Huayas / Guayas

A distant relative to the Lychee, the huayas grow in bunches like grapes and are usually found for sale on street corners. They have a hard green shell with an off-white flesh inside that surrounds an inedible seed that looks like a garbanzo bean.

While the rambutan and lychee taste somewhat like a grape, the huaya is more sour and has a slightly tougher texture. It’s a little hard to crack open, so try piercing it with your teeth first.


Paterna / Cushin

Paterna, known as cushin in Mayan (in Guatemala), looks like a big pee-pod. Inside is cotton candy flavored fruit surrounding big black inedible seeds. They have a soft texture and a good flavor, but eat too many of them and your mouth will go numb.

Carambola (Star Fruit)

Carambola grows in bunches on tropical trees. They are available year-round in Mexico, but aren’t necessarily so common.

The carambola looks complicated, but it’s not — you eat the whole thing, though they are often quite sour. The carambola may also be used in cooking and can be made into relishes, preserves, and juice drinks.

Guayaba (Guava)

Delicious and nutritious, guayabas in Mexico are usually white, sometimes pink, and are often covered in red spots. While in most places they are between the size of a golf ball and a baseball, in southern Mexico you can find them the size and shape of big pears.

Guayabas are native to Mexico and very common. Available year-round, they are included in most fruit cocktails and are often made into drinks. They have a light, very subtle, almost pungent flavor.

Wash them well and eat the whole thing. The consistency is quite soft except for hard, unchewable seeds that you are tempted to spit out, but there are far too many. So you have to gum them. But if you dig the taste, then getting over the hard seeds is easy. Besides, they are high in vitamin C.

The rescue efforts to save the tiny Vaquita porpoise from extinction have been terminated by Semarnat, the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources.

The few Vaquita that were captured did not survive, so the efforts were abandoned with the estimated number still surviving in the Gulf of California, it’s only habitat, at approximately 30.

Actor Leonardo DiCaprio, Mexican Billionaire Carlos Slim and President Enrique Piña Nieto were among the many people supporting the project.

We wish to thank El Universal for publishing this story.


This list of exotic fruits and the short description of each fruit, along with photos so that you will know what you are looking at while shopping in the markets, will get you started.  I will add to this list during subsequent issues, with the latest fruits highlighted at the top of the list.

Note:  When asking for these fruits at one of our many fruiterias, keep in mind that each of these have numerous names which can cause some confusion.


Yaca / Jackfruit  

Do not let the sometimes repugnant smell deter you from at least trying some. Eating this fruit is best when very ripe and fresh.





The Yaca, breadfruit, jackfruit and many other names, is rich in potassium, calcium, and iron.

There are stories floating around that the flesh has some aphrodisiac properties. Let me know how that goes for you.





Mangostán  / Mangosteen

The Mangosteen fruit reaches a size of about 4 cm in diameter. The actual edible portion is the white orange like sections found on the inside. Many people say that this is their favorite fruit. Use it on salads or eat it alone.

A powerful antioxidant found almost exclusively in mangosteen – has properties that alleviate pain, allergies, infections, skin problems and fatigue at the same time it supports intestinal health.



Chico Zapote / Zapote Negro / Sapodilla

Chef Betty Vazquez, Culinary Ambassador for the Riviera Nayarit, has called the Chico Zapote, the “Flavor King,”—and that’s not far from the truth! Its juicy pulp tastes very much like a pear and is truly delicious. In pre-Hispanic times, the Aztecs—who believed in its healing properties—called this fruit tzapotl. Its name stems from the Nahuatl word chictli, which means chicle, or gum.



The zapote negro, one of its many names, is very prolific in Nayarit, although it’s native to the coastal areas of Chiapas, Veracruz and Yucatan and can even be found in the woodlands of Central America. When it’s ripe it turns green on the outside and brown on the inside and tastes sort of like chocolate. This fruit is harvested from August through January.




Mamey / Mammee Apple

It is common to see vendors along the sides of the road selling this fruit. It has a very bright salmon-colored interior pulp that tastes like honey and almonds. This pulp is creamy, soft and sweet. The mamey is part of the zapote family





The Mammee Apple is actually an evergreen tree fruit. It has many different colors both inside and out.

Apart from their sweet and tangy, taste the Mammee apple is a good source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Enjoy on your ice cream or in smoothies.

Among the most prominent differences between traveling in Mexico and the USA and Canada are the military checkpoints set up throughout the country.

For a first time traveler, the sight of freshly graduated soldiers with military rifles can be quite unnerving.

Military Checkpoints have been built and manned as an effort to stem the tide of drugs free-flowing from Mexico to the United States. Like the TSA airport screeners, they serve mainly as window dressing. The big difference is that the Mexican Military won’t be putting their hands down your pants to feel you up.

First things, first. What are the Military Checkpoints looking for?  They are looking for drugs, illegal weapons, and federal criminals. Some checkpoints have drug-sniffing dogs; others don’t. In most cases, they merely ask only a few questions. Expect to hear, “A donde va?”, “De donde eres?”, and “Por que estas aqui?” These questions translate to, “Where are you going?”, “Where are you coming from?”, and “Why are you here?”

Before each day of travel, know the answers to these questions. Sometimes the accents of the soldiers are quite thick so that a hand gesture can help.

Point your thumb back behind you and tell them what city you left this morning. Then motion ahead to the city you plan to stop in tonight and say that city’s name. Lastly, say, “Turismo” as to your purpose.

Now, in most cases, they will probably say, “Pasale” and wave you through. If it’s an exceptionally desolate checkpoint, a dull day, you are driving an RV or luxury car, or are traveling with exceptionally lovely passengers, they may ask you to pull aside for a more thorough inspection, however they will rarely ask for your Mexican Insurance Store policy.

Do not be alarmed or worried by this. Despite whatever motivation, the soldiers are not there to ruin your day. Play along casually, and you’ll be on your way in no time.

A couple of things that will help speed your passage through the checkpoint is to be calm and respectful. Open up and show them whatever luggage they wish to inspect. Smile and nod in respect to them and the job they are doing. In most cases, nobody will speak English, but if you happen upon someone who does, be kind and even engage in some small talk.

If you have a cold drink in a cooler, offer one to them and their compatriots. It’s a great way to indicate that you are a good person and respect their roles.

Unless you are a complete jerk or like being arrested, don’t do any the following:

  • Don’t joke about having drugs or being part of the Narcos, Cartels, or Corridos.
  • Don’t belittle, berate, or become abusive to them.
  • Don’t act like you’re too special or in a big hurry.
  • Don’t tell them how to do their job.
  • Don’t ignore them and keep driving on when asked to stop.

Doing any of these things will guarantee you an extra thorough search and possible detainment. They will probably also call ahead and make sure you are hassled again at the next checkpoint, too.

The Mexican soldiers are human, just like you. The universal rule is to treat others the way you wish to be treated.

During disasters like earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and fires, it’s the military that does the bulk of the heavy work to restore life to normal.

Traveling in Mexico is easy. It’s especially true when you begin to understand the subtleties and differences from what you’re accustomed to back home. Military checkpoints are a part of life in Mexico and no big deal. After passing through a couple, it becomes quite simple and even fun conversing in a little Spanish.

To drive in Mexico, you must have a Passport and should have Mexican Auto Insurance. If you are planning to stay longer than a weekend or travel outside the Hassle-Free-Zones, stop and get your tourist visa and Temporary Vehicle Import Permit (TVIP). Then the whole of Mexico is yours to enjoy.

This article on the ever changing face of the Puerto Vallarta Cruise ship Port, has been copied in its entirety from

Puerto Vallarta’s Changing the Cruiseport Game

OCTOBER 20, 2017

Cruise ship docked in Puerto Vallarta
PHOTO: Cruise ship docked in Puerto Vallarta. (photo via Flickr/Brian Holsclaw)

Among the poppies, a plea to the soldiers

‘Heartbreaking’ message asks soldiers to spare the crop.

Fifteen kilometers from the municipality of Guachochi, in the heart of the mountain range known as the Sierra Tarahumara in Chihuahua, 30 soldiers pull opium poppy plants out of the ground with their bare hands.

For the past month, the military personnel have lived in an encampment set deep in a pine forest where, day after day, they wait for radio messages telling them the coordinates of illegal poppy plantations that have been detected by M2 helicopters, nicknamed mosquitoes.

But while uprooting poppies at the plantation in the southwest of the northern border state on Wednesday, they didn’t only find bulbs ready to be opened to have their opium gum extracted.

Among the poppies, they also found a handwritten note.

In the past soldiers have seen ominous messages left next to slain bodies by cartel members, but this note wasn’t a threat: it was a lament and a plea.

“Please, don’t destroy them,” read the misspelled message, scrawled on a crumpled sheet of paper torn from a notebook.

“I don’t even have any [money] to eat and my daughters don’t have shoes.

For the soldiers, it was a stark reminder that the people who cultivate the illegal crops are often impoverished, indigenous farmers simply looking for a way to survive.

Colonel Vicente Javier Mandujano, who is in charge of poppy eradication efforts in Guachochi and 13 other municipalities in the south of Chihuahua, said that coming across messages of that type is an emotional experience.

“They’re the kinds of things that break your heart,” he said.

However, he believes their efforts and the sacrifices are worth it.

“It’s for the good of Mexico, so that this drug doesn’t get to young people,” he said.

Lieutenant Luis Enrique Trujillo, the commander of the unit that carried out the mission, agrees.

“We’re doing a good deed for Mexico,” he explained while an enormous improvised bonfire built to destroy the uprooted poppy plants burned behind him.

According to Army General Martín Salvador Morfín Ruiz, who oversees eradication efforts across the entire southern region of Chihuahua, significant progress is being made.

This year alone, 17,000 poppy plantations have been eradicated in 41 southern Chihuahua municipalities, Morfínef the cash crop represents losses to drug traffickers

While heroin use is low in Mexico, demand is high in the United States and thousands of overdoses per year are attributed to the drug.  Trafficking of heroin across the northern border has become a central issue between the two countries.

In bilateral security talks last week between the United States ambassador to Mexico, Roberta Jacobson, and the director of the Center for Investigation and National Security (Cisen), Eugenio Imaz, combating the cultivation of poppies and the production of heroin was a key aspect of their discussions.

Mexico is the world’s third largest producer of the opium poppy, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, and cultivation is concentrated in the mountains of Chihuahua, Sinaloa and Durango — a region known as the Golden Triangle — as well as in the southern state of Guerrero.

Baja California [North] (Zona Noroeste)

The northeastern-most time zone begins in the northern reaches of Baja California (the northern area of the peninsula). This area adheres to Pacific Time (same as Los Angeles, CA) and is therefore one hour behind Mountain Time (e.g. Los Cabos, Mazatlan) and two hours behind Mexico City. The official name for this time zone is Zona Noroeste.

Mexico’s Pacific Time Zone (Zona Pacifico)

This time zone begins in Guayabitos, north of Puerto Vallarta (Vallarta and environs are not affected). It affects all areas along the coast north of here including the states of Nayarit, Sinaloa, Sonora, Chihuahua, and all of Baja California Sur, including the popular areas of Los Cabos, La Paz, Loreto and Todos Santos. Zona Pacifico is aligned with US Mountain Time (same as Denver, CO); one hour behind Mexico City. Note that Chihuahua City is not affected by this time zone change as it is too far east. The official name for this time zone is Zona Pacifico.

Mexico’s Central Time Zone (Zona Centro)

Most of Mexico including Mexico City, Monterrey, Guadalajara, and Merida, adheres to ‘Central Time’ in the USA (same as Dallas, TX). The official name for this time zone is Zona Centro.

Mexico’s Southeastern Time Zone (Zona Sureste)

On February 1, 2015 Mexico created this time zone, which affects only the state of Quintana Roo—home to the country’s most popular vacation resort towns including Cancun, Playa del Carmen, Tulum and the islands of Isla Mujeres and Cozumel. It’s aligned with US Eastern Standard Time and does not move its clocks backward or forward each year, so its clock time is aligned for part of the year with the US ET, but leaves that alignment by an hour when the US moves its clocks forward (the alignment returns in the autumn when the US moves it clocks back again).  The official name for this time zone is Zona Sureste.

There are 57 countries that produce avocados, but Mexico is by far the largest producer with its production growing at a rate of about 5% per year. Mexico accounts for about 45% of the world’s annual production. The most recent figures indicate that Mexico produced over 14 million tonnes in 2014, followed by the Dominican Republic and Peru.

China, which is fast becoming a very large consumer, is in 11th place in the world’s production. However, their consumption recently is growing by about 200% annually.
Avocados are not only tasty and nutritious, but are extremely versatile for cooking. The creation of guacamole is one of the main uses for the avocado. Mexicans consume over 50% of all the produce grown here with the balance being exported, most in whole form and the balance as guacamole, paste, pulp and oils.

The state of Michoacan is by far the world’s largest producer of avocados. Not very recent data indicates that the state is producing about 92% of Mexico’s total avocado crop.

If you are looking for a tried and true recipe for guacamole, rest assured that the number of ways is unlimited. I can honestly say that I make it different every time. Sometimes its excellent and sometimes its really good. I may use similar ingredients, but proportions vary. Avocados vary in flavor and texture, tomatoes vary in flavor, onions vary in flavor, lemons vary in flavor and garlic varies in flavor. Its potluck every time. Experiment and enjoy! If you want a special touch, sprinkle cotija crumbles on top.

Sept. 16, 2017 Update

Taxes and death are the two things most people want to avoid, but here at Yucalandia we suffer from a peculiar malady of grimacing and facing-off with distasteful-but-necessary issues.  We recently addressed Death** ,  so, now it’s time for taxes.

~ As with all legal issues, it’s BEST to talk with a talented expert about the details of how to comply with Mexican law, and the information offered on Yucalandia is solely for educational & informational purposes.  This is especially true for taxes, because the Mexican ISR is particularly dense, yet the ISR incudes some surprising exemptions & exceptions.

Still, it’s also really helpful to get a sense of the basic principles of our responsibilities, to know when to go see that good tax attorney &/or accountant. That’s the purpose of this short article.   In April, 2017, SAT put up a helpful website, in English, describing foreigner’s specific tax responsibilities,  and that website is the basis for this article:


~  Note that if you are a resident of either Canada or the USA, Mexico has tax treaties with each, and those tax treaties provisions take precedent over Hacienda~SAT’s ISR rules.

For USA-nians, Yucalandia offers detailed analyses of our responsibilities both in the USA & Mexico under the 1993 USA Mexico Tax Convention at:

IRS Tax Issues for Americans Living and Working Abroad in Mexico – Master Article


Tax legislation considers residents in Mexico the following persons:

  • ?To individuals, nationals and foreigners, who have their residence address in Mexico. When they also have a living place in another country they are considered to be resident in Mexico, if they are in the following cases:

 – When more than 50% of their annual income is obtained in Mexico.

– When the center of its professional activities is located in national territory.

  • Individuals who are State officials or Mexican national workers, even if the headquarters of their business is abroad. 
  • ?Legal entities (companies, associations and civil societies, among others) that have established in Mexico their business headquarters or main offices.

Individuals of Mexican nationality are considered residents of Mexico, unless they prove they have a residence status in another country. 

Individuals who according to the foregoing are Mexico´s resident, regardless of being a foreign nationality, are taxed as any national individual resident in Mexico. to know how you should be taxed, you may consult the main tax regimes, if you fall in this category. 

Individuals who are residents of Mexico will be taxed according to their activity or corporate purpose in any of the following regimes: “


Mexican Taxes on Foreigner’s Real Estate Income
KISS … Keeping it simple:   Foreigners who own real estate & rent it out owe 25% taxes (“without deduction”) on the rental income:

 Income tax calculation  
Tax is paid by applying the rate of 25% on the income obtained, without deduction.

Payment mode 
People who make payments, calculate the tax and make the withholding and whole or payment corresponding to the Tax Administration Service (SAT). 

When the individual who makes payments is resident abroad, taxpayer who obtains the income must calculate and pay the tax by means of a declaration, which he presents either by Internet or bank teller, within 15 days after obtaining the income. 

Obligation to issue an electronic invoice for the income or revenue collected 

Tenants must issue electronic invoices for the income received, which must have tax requirements. 

When the rent is paid to a trust, the trustee must issue tax receipts and make the withholding and the corresponding amount. ”

Caveat:  The good attorney Spencer McMullen also noted that the furnishings of a furnished apartment can trigger the IVA  (16.5%),  but as this advice was published several years ago, talk with your tax attorney / accountant.

Interest Income for Foreign Residents of Mexico
There are multiple levels of interest rates depending on the source of the income, ranging from 4.9% to 35%.  e.g.  21% interest is owed on income “paid by banking institutions“.


Foreigners who reside and receive income in Mexico must meet the tax obligations imposed on them, like any national, the scheme for which they receive their income.

This includes income from leasing or subleasing of real estate owned by the foreigner.

Foreigners who own property in Mexico ” are considered nonresidents if their main business location is not in this country, that is to say, if more than 50% of their annual income does not proceed from a wealth source located in Mexico, or if the center of their professional activities is not located in national territory, among other reasons. ”

This is Courtesy of Pam Thompson-Webb –

I now have a 100%, completely reliable, confident and trustworthy donation source for Oaxaca, Chiapas and Morelos (a personal one). Maru Rodriguez, a friend of mine for many years has friends and family located in CDMX. We have been discussing how to get donations/monies to the people that most need it in these areas as soon as possible. She says:
Hola, Yes I have 2 persons we can send money to and they can buy things directly to affected people, and send photos of what they are doing in Mexico City, also I have people in the Chiapas and Oaxaca areas and they can also inform where the money is used to every person that donates.
Please email Maru: or you can email me at and I will forward your email directly to Maru.
Now, please do not think for one single minute that there are not other great charities, other places to donate! But for me, personally I have chosen Maru as “my connection” to work with. As we move forward with this, Maru will send me updates to add, photos, what is needed, translation of reports from her friends.

Temporary Import Permit regulations are being changed again.

Sept. 10, 2017

Aduana agents at various US-Mexico border crossings are shifting their stance on whether the US state registration paper is sufficient to get a Temporary Import Permit for US-plated vehicles.  In the past, US state registration paperwork was sufficient, but now many Aduana agents are also requiring that we submit a copy of the vehicle’s title. …  Most recently, the Nuevo Laredo & Columbia Bridge Aduana agents have been refusing to issue TIPs with US starte registration documents, unless the vehicle owner also supplies a copy of the vehicle title.

Further, the fine attorney Lic. Spencer McMullen explains some additional details about additional problems that can occur if you do get your TIP with just registration paperwork:  ….  ” The HUGE issue is that while you can technically get a TIP with the vehicle registration, without the title your car will sit in impound if towed due to improper parking or accident. 

An additional insight to handling the TIP process well:
“… Financed cars should get a US notary certified copy (of the title) with apostille to prepare for this eventuality. ”

So, as Aduana~SAT policies continue to evolve, we can save ourselves some hassles & headaches by following the latest guidance from good experts.

~ As in the past, Aduana officials recognize that Canadians do not get vehicle titles, so their province’s registration papers are sufficient to get a TIP.

This article is courtesy of Steven M Fry, YucaLandia

143 Million Credit Information Accounts Hacked at Experian – What to Do

Sept. 9, 2017

Public Service Announcement:
143 Million Credit Card Accounts Information Stolen

The folks at the Equifax credit reporting agency have again allowed hackers to steal our names, addresses, SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBERS, and credit information. Equifax executives have known of the thefts since July, 2017, but they chose to not inform anyone that our personal information listed at this gigantic credit reporting agency was not sufficiently protected … and allowed to be stolen … again.

Even if you were never an Equifax customer,  they still lost:
~Your  Drivers License number,     ~ your Social Security Number (SSN),  ~ your birthdate,    and your address.

At least 50% of all American credit card holders personal information was lost.

Equifax is saying that it was NOT an inside job.  Equifax claims that the thieves entered through the Equifax website.

Equifax’s Chairman announced:  “This is clearly a disappointing event for our company …

Editor”s Note:  Wow … Equifax really cares about the rest of us, whose information they lost, even when we have never used their services.

Experts are saying that there is NO NEED to change internet passwords, because those were not stolen (unless you have an Equifax account and use that same Experian password on other sites). …
It is our names, driver’s license information, birthdates. personal addresses & SOCIAL SECURITY numbers that may be sold to identity-thieves … from Equifax’s THIRD massive security leak ‘event’.
Solutions ~ Practical Actions to take Now:
1.  Check to see if your information was compromised:
Equifax has created a website,, to help consumers determine if their personal information was lost … and at risk.

Note…  Equifax will NOT NECESSARILY  give you confirmation of whether your information was compromised….
Instead,   If you enter your  last name   and the last six digits of your Social Security number …  Equifax  “enrolls” you in their “protection service” …  but Equifax says this service may not start for several days.

Equifax ‘generously’ offers this “protection service” for 1 year, if we sighn up by Nov 21 …. which means Equifax will begin BILLING US  for using their service if we don’t cancel within a year. ….

2. Sign up for some independent service that regularly frequently checks internet sites to see if your Social Security number appear there ~ as the expert computer programs then notify you by email or by text that your SSN is appearing on suspect websites data-bases.

Unfortunately,   THIS WILL NOT BE OVER IN JUST A YEAR.   Historically,  identity thieves have continued to sell our personal information for years after past security breaches at Equifax, Experian and TransUnion ~hence the need for ongoing years of continuous monitoring of where our personal information is appearing.

Note that AVG is currently offering this SSN monitoring service, and some credit card companies are also offering  SSN monitoring services.   Here is an example link to Discover Card’s  free   SSN monitoring services to their card holders:

At this point, Yucalandia has no facts to support choosing one SSN monitoring service over another.

3.  Monitor your credit card statements for suspicious activity.

4.  Monitor your Credit Records by requesting a copy of your personal report:

5.   Contact one or all 3 of the USA’s big credit monitoring agencies, and consider freezing  your credit reports at all 3 agencies because thieves can use the information stolen from Equifax … to open accounts with creditors that use Experian or TransUnion.

Unfortunately,   THIS WILL NOT BE OVER IN JUST A YEAR.   Historically,  identity thieves have continued to sell our personal information for years after past security breaches at Equifax, Experian and TransUnion.

Final Notes:
The big 3 credit monitoring agencies have been losing our personal data since at least 2012, so, it may be time to contact your local Congressman & your 2 Senators and demand that the US government make changes in the regulations …  because

… Do any of us really find it acceptable that Equifax has known of the thefts of over 143 million American’s personal information,    but said nothing for over a month?

 This is one that most of us know about. It gets used more than we would like to admit. It is used to describe someone that is cheap in their bargaining tactics, spending habits and / or tipping tendencies. Yes, we all know someone that probably deserves and receives this gesture, but doesn’t get the message.

Just rub your elbow with the palm of your hand.




Did you ever walk into a bar or restaurant with a Mexican and have them turn around and show this signal. It means the place is crowded or full of people. The grouping of the fingers kind of gives this one away.

And if they show you both hands this way, it is full!




This gesture is not overly common, and that is probably because our hosts love to eat. If you see this one, it means that someone is hungry.  Let’s eat!





 Now don’t get ahead of me on this one guys. When you see this one, the forefinger and thumb are typically closer together and can mean a variety of things.

Not the first one that came to your mind though.
It can mean your drink or food will show up sometime soon.
It can mean ‘its almost your turn’.
I have found it to usually mean… I’ll be back in anywhere from 2 minutes to 2 hours. It is always accompanied by a big smile, so just smile back and nod your head. This is the home of mañana.



These two are pretty self evident and we can all identify with them.

This one simply means ‘no’.



And this one means ‘yes’. Just a simple wagging up and down of the index finger tells it all.

Okay, now the tough ones…
How tall is your child?
How big is your dog?
And how high is the fence?
You probably get my drift now. How many hands tall is your horse?
(A hand measures 4″.)


The pure Fentanyl by itself would have a street value of $1.2 billion, according to Drug Enforcement Agency numbers reported by El Financiero.

A kilo of Fentanyl costs about $2,000 to produce and can reach a street value of up to $20 million.

The pure fentanyl by itself would have a street value of $1.2 billion, according to Drug Enforcement Agency numbers reported by El Financiero.

The shipment was intercepted Aug. 19 at a Mexican Army checkpoint near San Luis Rio Colorado, a city across the Colorado River from Yuma, Ariz.

Fentanyl is a synthetic opiate that is much cheaper to produce than heroin.  A kilo of Fentanyl costs about $2,000 to produce and can reach a street value of up to $20 million.

According to the United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission, China is the primary source for Fentanyl smuggled into the United States.

Thanks to  THE HILL for this story.

Mexican Hand Gestures

Here is something I have been meaning to do for a vary long time and I hope you all find it amusing, interesting and of some value as you stroll the streets of Mexico. While Mexican hand gestures can be strange and intimidating, they are also very utilitarian.I will start out with this very familiar one to folks from both sides of the border. It of course indicates that something is okay. But be careful how you use it and especially your presentation.

If you display the back of the hand while showing this sign, you are indicating that something is too expensive.If, when showing this sign but are making the hole too small, you are signaling someone is an a**hole. Usually done with the palm facing down.

I will create a blog post to store all of the hand gestures for future reference here. I have about 15 or 20 to share and I am sure that some of you have some to share too. Send them to me here.


Here is one more while we are at it…. We are used to rubbing our thumb and forefinger together to get the attention of our restaurant server to signal that we are ready for the check or the signal for money. Here this is a gesture to tell someone to get moving.
I have been guilty of this. The restaurant is relatively quiet and I just want to signal the server to bring us our check, without hollering out “la cuenta, por favor”. So I used the signal for money by rubbing those 2 fingers together. Now I know that is down-right rude.

Thanks to Susannah Rigg from the BBC for this interesting and creative article.

When I first stepped foot on Mexican soil, I spoke relatively good Spanish. I was by no means fluent, but I could hold a conversation. So when I asked a local ice-cream seller in downtown Guadalajara when he expected a new delivery of chocolate ice cream, and he said ‘ahorita’, which directly translates to ‘right now’, I took him at his word, believing that its arrival was imminent.

I sat near his shop and waited, my Englishness making me feel it would be rude to leave. Half an hour passed and still no ice cream arrived, so I timidly wandered back to the shop and asked again about the chocolate ice cream. “Ahorita,” he told me again, dragging out the ‘i’ ? “Ahoriiiiita”. His face was a mix of confusion and maybe even embarrassment.

The author learned that ‘ahorita’ shouldn’t be taken literally while waiting for ice cream to arrive (Credit: Madeleine Jettre/Alamy)

I was torn. Waiting longer wasn’t appealing, but I felt it was impolite to walk away, especially if the ice cream was now being delivered especially for me. But finally, after waiting so long that I’d built up an appetite for dinner, dark clouds appeared overhead and I made a rush for the nearest bus to take me home. As I left, I signalled up at the sky to the ice cream seller to let him know that I obviously couldn’t wait any longer and it really wasn’t my fault. His face was, once again, one of total confusion.

As I sat on the bus, rain pattering on the windows, I replayed the conversation in my head and decided indignantly that the ice cream seller was a liar.

This incident faded from my memory until years later when I came back to live in Mexico. I discovered that cracking what I came to call the ‘ahorita code’ took not a fluency in the language, but rather a fluency in the culture.

Cracking the ‘ahorita code’ took not a fluency in the language, but rather a fluency in the culture

When someone from Mexico says ‘ahorita’, they should almost never be taken literally; its definition changes dramatically with context. As Dr Concepción Company, linguist and emeritus researcher at the Autonomous University of Mexico in Mexico City, told me, “When a Mexican says ‘ahorita’, it could mean tomorrow, in an hour, within five years or never.”

Ahorita llego, which directly translates to ‘I am arriving right now’, in fact means ‘I will be there in an indeterminate amount of time’, while ahorita regreso (‘I will be right back’) means ‘I will be back at some point but who knows exactly when’. ‘Ahorita’ is even used as a polite way of saying ‘no, thank you’ when refusing an offer. Even after almost seven years in Mexico, this response can still catch me off guard when I’m hosting friends; I find myself hovering, unsure if I should get my guest what I offered them or not.

While most Spanish-speaking countries use the diminutive ‘ita’ to add immediacy, in Mexico it lessens formality (Credit: EDU Vision/Alamy)

Mexicans are famous in the Spanish-speaking world for their extensive use of the diminutive. While in most Spanish-speaking countries the addition of the diminutive ‘ita’ to an adverb like ahora (meaning ‘now’) would strengthen it to indicate immediacy (i.e. ‘right now’), this is not the case in Mexico. Dr Company explained that Mexicans instead use the diminutive form to break down the space between the speaker and the listener and lessen formality. In this case of ‘ahorita’, the addition of the diminutive reduces urgency rather than increasing it – a difference that can be extremely confusing for foreigners.

Subtle adjustments to the pronunciation of the word also affect the way ‘ahorita’ is interpreted. “The stretch in the ‘i’ sound in the word ‘ahorita’ is a demonstration of the stretching of time,” Dr Company informed me, implying that the longer the sound, the longer one can expect to wait. Equally, “if you want to imply that you really mean right now, you would say ‘ahorititita’,” she explained, noting the short, sharp sounds represent the idea that something needs to happen at once.

The difficulty of interpreting ‘Ahorita Time’ is a reflection of differing cultural understandings of time (Credit: Jeremy Woodhouse/ Getty Images)

Difficulty interpreting what I have come to call ‘Ahorita Time’ is a reflection of different cultural understandings of time. Dr Company explained that if she is giving a talk in Mexico and goes over her allotted time, Mexicans “feel like I am giving them a gift”. In the UK or the US, however, “The audience starts to leave, feeling like I am wasting their time.” My Mexican friends plan parties for 7pm knowing that no one will show up until at least 8:30pm. Foreigners who are new to Mexico organise events for 8:30pm not knowing that means that most people will arrive at 10pm.

You never know what might happen between now and ‘ahorita’

I have heard foreigners complaining about Mexicans’ tardiness, viewing lateness as a lack of manners and respect. This stems from the notion that ‘time is money’ – a finite, valuable resource that should not be squandered. Mexicans on the other hand have a much less loaded attitude, viewing time as something flexible and malleable; something that cannot be controlled. Ahorita Time makes little commitment and allows for spontaneity, because you never know what might happen between now and ‘ahorita’.

The author’s Mexican friends plan parties for 7pm knowing no one will show up until at least 8:30pm (Credit: Thomas Barwick/Getty Images)

However, some expats living in Mexico just cannot get used to this more fluid way of measuring time. After moving to Mexico from the US, Elizabeth Wattson found a unique way of working with Ahorita Time. “Whenever my boss said ‘ahorita’, I would respond by asking ‘ahorita when?’. I just couldn’t work with this vague concept of something getting done at some indeterminate point in the future,” she said.

For me, cracking the ‘ahorita code’ ? and understanding why my ice cream never arrived ? came when I relaxed into the flow of Mexican life, which felt far less hurried than my life in London had been.

Cracking the ‘ahorita code’ has allowed the author to live far more in the ‘right now’ than before (Credit: Craig Lovell/Alamy)

Since moving to Mexico, my attitude towards time has changed dramatically. I don’t worry so much about being late; I am generally still on time to appointments (old habits die hard), but when I’m not, I don’t panic. And while I still get frustrated when waiting for a plumber who may arrive in the next five minutes or the next five hours, I know that the payoff is feeling far less controlled by time and I enjoy the spontaneity that this adds to life.

Ironically, it would seem that Ahorita Time has actually allowed me to live far more in the ‘right now’ than I ever did before.


We want to thank Mexperience for this informative article…

We occasionally receive questions from people asking about the current situation regarding safety and security in Mexico.  To provide some perspective, listed here are six reasons which demonstrate how Mexico’s drug-related issues, which remain a body of work to address, do not make Mexico wholly unsafe.

Visitor numbers keep rising: The Bank of Mexico is responsible for collating and publishing foreign visitor statistics. The latest figures reveal that over 35 million foreign tourists arrived in Mexico in 2016, up 9% on the year before, continuing the rising trend over the last several years. Mexico is one of the world’s top-ten most visited nations in the world.  Despite some of the negative news-flow, and especially that around the drug-related violence, people keep coming to Mexico.  Statistics from foreign consulate records consistently show that the overwhelming majority of visits to Mexico are trouble-free.

Mexico is evolving into one of the world’s most important economies. Years of sound economic governance, a welcoming economy with policies that encourage free trade and partnership (Mexico has tariff-free trade agreements with 46 countries around the world), coupled with shrewd investment, and relatively low debt (public and private) have created an attractive environment for investors and foreign companies. Mexico is today one of the world’s few ‘trillion-dollar’ economies, and mature nations are keen to work with Mexico.

No foreign resident exodus. In decades now long-past, when Mexico’s economy was less open and less stable, foreign residents would often flee home in the event of a peso crisis.  Today, even with the drug-related flare-ups, no such exodus is taking place and, furthermore, we are seeing interest in relocation to Mexico rising substantially.  Mexico’s government is expecting its expat communities to grow over the coming decade and beyond, and offers choices in facilitation of this, as welcoming foreign residents—who bring their energy and capital to Mexico—creates significant mutual benefits.  If Mexico is a wholly dangerous place to be, why are existing foreign residents staying put and inquiries for relocation to Mexico growing?

The violence is mostly confined to drug-gangs. The research data show that the surge of homicides in Mexico over the last few years has come about through drug-gang members killing other drug-gang members. Tourists, business visitors, and foreign residents are not being targeted by the drug-gangs, and statistics from foreign consulates show that the overwhelming majority of visits to Mexico pass by trouble-free.

Mexico matters: Mexico is a good neighbor to the U.S. and is also one of the world’s most important nations—poised to play important roles in world affairs during this 21st century.  Mexico and the U.S. share a very broad range of common interests and both nations work together on issues concerning trade and security in efforts to bring prosperity and well-being to the continent.

Mexico’s underlying story is strong and getting stronger. Notwithstanding the drug-related issues, the country’s macro-economics are in good shape; Mexico has substantial oil and gas reserves as well as considerable mineral and precious metal wealth; it’s also enacting structural reforms across key sectors with the intention to transition the country’s economy from being heavily dependent on oil and manufacturing into a multi-faceted, diverse and sustainable economic environment; foreign visitors keep coming back despite the negative news-flow; Mexico’s free trade agreements are bridges which cultivate understanding, trade and prosperity between the signatories of these accords.

Every day, tourists arrive in Mexico to rest themselves and enjoy its rich culture and heritage; business visitors arrive to trade and cultivate new friendships, and foreign residents living here are going about their lives normally, contributing positively in the Mexican communities they call home.  These activities don’t make headlines, but they are indeed the real-life experiences of people visiting and living safely in Mexico.

Every time I return to Jaltemba Bay, the first thing I like to indulge in is… an ice-cold limonada. This thirst quenching bebida (beverage) is simply made; lots of ice, a spoonful of sugar, your choice of mineral or natural water, and the juice of several freshly squeezed limes. Aaah… to me, this is the flavour that is Mexico. No, not chili or cilantro, nor even a molé sauce, it’s the tart tang of lime.

The limones (limes) that I see for sale in the Jaltemba Bay area are available all year round and generally come in two sizes. The smaller one is called a Mexican or Key lime and it has a thin skin and seeds. It tends to be the most popular among the locals. The larger one is probably a Persian lime. It has a thicker skin and doesn’t have seeds. I prefer the larger ones myself. A Mexican friend told me to buy the ones with more yellow in their skin as at this stage of ripeness they tend to be juicier… and it’s all about the juice!

Lime flowers with young fruit just starting to form. The flowers have a lovely scent.

Several beverages that are practically a tradition to make during Happy Hour (before dinner drinks) include rimming a glass with lime juice – then dipping it into salt if you are imbibing in a Margarita, or into a savory spice mix for a Bloody Caesar. And then there’s the always popular Tequila Shooter followed by a quick lick of salt and a bite into a lime wedge. I would be remiss here if I didn’t also mention the Cuba Libra, made with rum and coke and a wedge of lime perched on the side of the glass. Yes I know, there are many more, but then I would require a better explanation as to how I know about all these drinks other than I worked in our family owned restaurant bar when I was in college.

Juicy is good. I use it for adding zing to fresh salsas and salads. I also squeeze it onto tacos of all sorts, onto rice and fish (any seafood really), and even into chicken soup. And while I am sure there are more dishes that benefit from the flavour of lime, it’s the after dinner treat, a dessert called Key Lime Pie, that is a big favourite of mine.

I have also discovered that you can cook with lime leaves. For instance, add the leaves (free of any sprays or bugs) when preparing rice to give it a luscious scent and just a hint of flavour. Throw them in whole during the cooking process and then pick them out before serving the rice, as you would a bay leaf. I would think a roast chicken would also benefit from a couple of leaves in the stuffing, although I haven’t tried that one yet. One should take care when picking the leaves and fruit though, because many varieties of this tree have a very good natural defense – thorns!

Our casa near El Tonino has a large yard, and one of the first things we planted was a lime tree that we purchased from a local vivero (nursery). It is of the Persian variety and it has already given us fruit.

I have observed some very interesting things in this tree, the most memorable so far is a caterpillar sporting a disgusting disguise; this crawler looked exactly like a large bird dropping (I’m not kidding, think Canada goose!). There was also a green lizard draped along one of the larger branches, and its colouring made it practically invisible amongst the fluttering leaves. On a daily basis I see spiders and wasps that make their homes in this tree… they use the sharp thorns to add more sting to their own arsenals. Birds of several different varieties including blue-grey gnatcatchers, sparrows and painted buntings enjoy feasting on some of the other smaller bugs that think its safe for them to linger in the shady refuge the leaves provide. In my yard, the luscious tasting lime is not just a desirable citrus fruit with its many uses, it’s a national geographic show!

After we planted the domestic lime tree in our backyard, we discovered that we had a wild lime tree in our front yard. And while hiking around the hillsides and pastures surrounding our casa, we have noticed several more beautiful, mature naturalized (wild) specimens that are approximately 20 to 25 feet tall. Because the wild trees tend to have fruit for most of the season I am at the casa, I can take the dogs for a good run, get some exercise myself, and have the added bonus of picking my own fruit whenever I get the urge for a freshly squeezed, ice-cold and totally refreshing limonada. Darn it. Now I want one!

Little wild lime tree in our yard – on the right.

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I am a self-professed nature nut in the two countries I call home, Canada and Mexico. The passion I have for flora and fauna that shows up in my many photographs and watercolours, must have begun during my early Canadian childhood as I can’t remember a time that I didn’t have this love for nature.

My mom must have secretly despaired over me as she saw her first born little blonde baby grow into a gangly, dirty young girl who rarely wore a dress. I didn’t have much of a choice in the gangly or the young girl part, but the rest… the rest probably had something to do with my dad. I learned to use a hammer and a common screwdriver from him (a constant source of amusement to my husband), and I’m sure it’s also because of him that I keep a jelly jar filled with odds and ends, including used nails and mismatched nuts and bolts, in my house. When I was little, the out of doors called to me constantly (getting me out of laundry and dishes). I preferred to be outside helping my dad build a cage, a kennel or a stable for one of our numerous cats, dogs, pigeons, rabbits or backyard goat and pony; not to mention the guinea pigs or gerbils that we kept inside the house! Each build was unique in structure and strength, and most times the animals stayed put, but sometimes the rabbits were also inside… sleeping on the couch with the dog!

From left to right: My uncle Ted, my cousin Jeanette, myself, my sister Cindy, Star and my dad Ted.

Left: My mother Sophia Polomski nee Deperasinski in approximately 1960. Right: Me and one of my Mexican adoptees, Momz, in the woods up north.

I was about 7 years old when my parents first brought me to Mexico. We drove from Kirkfield, Ontario to Mexico City and back with stop points like the Grand Canyon, San Francisco and Los Angeles in three weeks! My dad must have been insane to have suggested this; no, insane afterwards! Traveling with his wife and two little girls – thank goodness for him that we had a pee pot in the car. I can remember only small portions of this trip, but one memory I have is of Mexico City and the museums we visited. The architecture there also made a huge impression on me. Thus, a seed called Mexico was planted in me and then nurtured with many trips to our favourite destination, Puerto Vallarta, throughout my younger years. There, we were constantly on the beach, sometimes on a horse, always looking for animals and interesting rocks. My sisters and I also explored old Puerto Vallarta on horseback – while wandering the cobblestone streets we enjoyed many sights; the different birds seen and heard there, the dogs that snoozed right in the middle of the road, the odd pig or two that rooted about through refuse that was left lying around and there were always chickens picking through the same stuff as the pigs. We loved it all. That seed flourished with week-long Mexican vacations with friends and family, which turned into longer sojourns, and then it came to maturity when my husband David and I built a winter residence near El Tonino, Nayarit. Now, it is the view over Jaltemba Bay that draws my attention with its ever-changing colours; from silver mornings to burnished red sunsets, party boat yellow to the grey of humpback whales. To me these are only sibling rivalries with the greens of spring, the mature golden yellow of summer oats, the vivid reds and oranges of autumn, and the simple blacks and whites of winter in Ontario.

When I was young my mom always kept a vegetable garden. Raspberries, strawberries, green and yellow beans, asparagus and potatoes were just some of the delectable foodstuffs that my mom would have planted. Funny thing though, I don’t recall that I ever had anything actually cooked from it as these foodstuffs were just too tempting to wait for the cooking pot; we ate things raw as soon as they were picked! I also recall that my two sisters and I were each given our own patch of garden to plant whatever we chose. Green peas were always my favourite. The twisting and climbing aspect of this plant, the lovely flowers and the edible young pods (because I just couldn’t wait longer!) will be a memory that stays with me forever. The pictures in my mind as to how plants look throughout their growing season now transfers to my watercolour paper with almost instinctive ease. I now have my own plants growing in Mexico, where each fall I anxiously return to our casa and search through the overgrown weeds and grasses in our yard to find the little banana trees, palms and passion flowers. A feeling of relief flows through me as each one is found — some are stunted, the odd one is dead, but most make it through the rainy growing season. I paint and photograph them too.

Our little house in the woods near Fenelon Falls, Ontario, Canada, with sumac turning to its fall colours in the foreground.

Those days of childhood forays into Canadian flora and fauna continued as the years went past… I can still remember the look of consternation on my first piano teacher’s face (she was a nun who wore a black and white habit that was a tight squeeze around her rotund body and face), frowning at me as she pointed to my shoulder… a caterpillar I had put in the pocket of my dress, yes a dress, had crawled up onto it. Another one of my piano teachers lived closer to my grade school and was rather perturbed one day when I walked there for my lesson carrying a guinea pig in a cage. If my mom was still alive, she would probably be rolling her eyes at me as I don’t think she was ever told about these things!

As youngsters, my sisters and our cousins who lived across the street from us would come together at our house in Ontario to make tree forts, complete with rope ladders, in the big old Basswood tree at the bottom of our large yard. Many grass huts were also made, until one time I accidentally clipped my cousin’s arm with the large hedging shears. “No more grass hut building” was decreed by mom. I am sure those grass huts were the inspiration for the palapas and palm trees that find their way into some of my paintings.

This has all led me to enjoy many other aspects of nature. Where I now live, in the countryside near Fenelon Falls Ontario, is geographically a toy box full of treasures for me.The house is built atop an extensive layer of sedimentary limestone rock. The limestone contains a myriad of fossils like seashells and corals, and to see them located so many thousands of kilometers away from the nearest body of salt water, is to me one of this world’s most innocent of secrets. I have quite a collection just from my driveway alone! This fall, I plan to bring a few fossils to Mexico and show them to the children of our friends Gustavo and Karina. With all the lava rock around our casa near El Tonino, there doesn’t seem to be much of an opportunity for kids in the Jaltemba Bay area to see fossils from the sea even though they live so close to it. Then, there is the fauna aspect of our neck of the Canadian woods where our country living lets us see many sometimes secretive beings – baby painted turtles just emerging from the ground where I had seen their mothers lay eggs before, Canada geese with their newly hatched goslings crossing the road from one pond to the next, garter snakes that sun themselves on the flat rocks in the yard, and rabbits who I swear love to tease my dogs by sitting in our driveway morning and evening.

In Canada, around our house we have seen butterflies and moths, deer and moose, owls and hawks, bears and coyotes. Our oasis in Mexico has an even greater diversity of bugs, snakes and birds, plus armadillos! But out of the many creatures great and small, the one that holds my attention the most, is one of the smallest that I actually see in both countries. It is the brave, colourful, quick and mostly silent Ruby-throated Hummingbird. Why? Because it too is a migrating being like myself. It too travels to Mexico in the fall and returns in the spring just as I do, to this little corner of Victoria County in south central Ontario. Bird watching is a passion of mine and how incredibly fortunate I feel to be able to watch this bird in both countries. Mexico usually has me running with my camera whenever a different bird, snake, weird bug or reptile is spotted on our yard. Friends just shake their heads as they see me zipping by with camera in hand. My husband knows me well enough to call me for any photo opportunities there that may slither, flit or fly by before he attempts to move them along if necessary. While in Canada, I manage to take a lot of photographs right from my front porch, no running necessary.

A male Ruby-throated Hummingbird sitting in the lilac bushes. (photographed through the bug screen!)

More and more, I feel the two geographic areas that I hold so dear entwined within me. One is all lakes and limestone, the other is ocean and volcanic mountains. Both offer so much to see and explore. Both have so many memories for me. The lake I grew up near in Ontario holds the ashes of my mother. The Pacific ocean holds those of my father. Both bodies of water are as one to me. I know I will never tire of either place, nor will I ever want to have to choose between them… one holds my heart, the other holds “mi corazon” as well.

The view from our casa, near El Tonino, Nayarit, Mexico, looking towards Punta Cocodrilo after a brief downpour.

This passion flower is a species that gives the delicious fruit!

Our casa’s yard is filled with these towering weeds after the rainy season. The monarchs love them!

A butterfly waiting patiently in my peony bush as its wings unfold and dry.

The Magpie Jays looking for their morning treat while sitting in a Guanabana tree.

Male Goldfinch keeping an eye on the camera.

Love my flying jewels in Mexico!

If you want to join in the fun and share your stories and photos of Jaltemba Bay, Mexico, please email them to


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